A period of decay: the last Dec Union. 24 Dec 1991

A period of decay: the last Dec Union. 24 Dec 1991

Price liberalization in Russia

The government of Russia has published the decree about liberalization of the prices since the beginning of 1992.

“In many ways, this solution only fixes the existing state of Affairs. Most of the products on the “free” price to buy has long been not possible <…> the Liberalization of prices, especially in our conditions, severe and even socially dangerous decision. But free pricing is the only way to the market to get rid of the dictatorship of seller and officer,” wrote “Izvestia”.

At the empty shelves at the grocery store. 1991

Photo: Nikolay Moshkov/Fotokhronika TASS

The regulation specifies that from January 2, 1992 for all products of production-technical purpose, consumer goods, works and services apply free prices and tariffs, is formed under the influence of supply and demand.

The government approved a list of products which in coordination with the concerned ministries and agencies may provide subsidies. It includes milk, yogurt, low fat cottage cheese, baby food, fuel, medicines, technical means of prevention of disabilities and rehabilitation of persons with disabilities and transportation service. Local authorities given the right to provide for its own expense limit rates for the basic products and services.

The Cabinet of Ministers made the following marginal growth of prices for the population:

  • 2 times — services of transport of carriers;
  • 3 times — milk, yogurt and cottage cheese, some types of bread, gasoline, liquefied gas, air travel, Central heating, communication services;
  • 3.5 times sugar;
  • 4 times — salt, matches, medications;
  • 4.5 times — vodka and alcohol;
  • 5 times that of the kerosene, charcoal and firewood, water.

Place due to the interruption of the food supply

Photo: Anatoli Sedelnikov/Fotokhronika TASS

News Of The Supreme Soviets

  • It was expected that the Supreme Council of the Union will hold its latest meeting, which will be announced the official dissolution of the Soviet Union. However, it was technical in nature: the head of the upper chamber Anuarbek Alimzhanov said that this will only happen after ratification by the parliaments of the republics of the Treaty on the establishment of the CIS.
  • This, in particular, took up the Supreme Council of Kazakhstan have ratified the Alma-ATA agreement. In addition, approved the presidential decree on recognition of independence of all the former Soviet republics.
  • The President of Armenia Levon Ter-Petrosyan said that the agreement on creation of the CIS will soon be ratified in the local Supreme Council.
  • The Presidium of the Supreme Soviet considered the draft amendments to the law on labor, which must approve the list of state holidays in Russia. Output is expected to make a January 7, March 8, may 8 and 9, June 12 and days from 30 December to 2 January.

Clashes in Georgia

The newspaper “Izvestia” dated December 24, 1991

The foreign press

  • “A sigh of relief met US, UK and France decision adopted in Alma-ATA republics of the former Soviet Union to give Russia a permanent member of the UN Security Council, belonged to the Soviet Union, with special responsibility for ensuring international security and peace. This was exactly the result which wanted the three Western permanent members of the Council, say their diplomats”. (The New York Times)
  • “The biggest shock for Russians will be dropping the prices so that they reflect supply and demand. As expected, the cost of goods in the short term will continue to grow and the official prices will match the prices of the black market.” (The Times)

Other news of the day

  • Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev held a farewell meeting with his staff. It is expected that 25 December, he will make an official statement about his resignation.
  • The Russian Parliament intends to cancel or suspend Yeltsin’s decree about the formation of a unified power Ministry, the reason is “the political threat of the merger of security agencies and internal Affairs”.
  • The supporters of unification of Moldova and Ukraine staged in Central Chisinau to protest against the signing of the agreement on accession to the CIS. President Mircea Snegur accused of “betraying the interests of the Romanians of Moldova, which involve a new Imperial space.”
  • Russian internal troops began to leave the conflict zone in Nagorno-Karabakh.
  • China’s Parliament began consideration of the country’s accession to the Treaty on the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons.

Chronicle December 1991

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