MPs writing less
Institute of socio-economic and political studies (ISSI) in collaboration with the Centre for the promotion of law has prepared another edition of the ranking legislators. Rating, which investigated the activity of deputies, coming out in 2014. In a new ranking of ISSI for the first time analyzes the results of the state Duma in the autumn session, chaired by Vyacheslav Volodin.
The deputies of the new convocation contribute less bills, the authors of the rating. If in the last convocation, the share of parliamentary bills were usually about half of all introduced in the Duma (49% in autumn session 2015 and 53.5% in the pre-election session in the spring of 2016), in the last session, the MPs have introduced about 40% of all bills.
All legislative initiatives were only 100 MPs (22% of the Deputy corps). This figure is much lower than in the Duma of last convocation. In the first half of 2016 by the authors of the bills were 259 people’s deputies (almost 58%), and in the fall of 2015 — 240 deputies (53%), estimated by experts.
Decreased and the number of bills of any authorship that have been adopted in at least one of the readings from 294 in the first half of 2016 to 189 in the second.
According to the authors of the rating, the first results of work of the new Duma show that “parliamentarians from different factions in General, supported the line for a more thorough elaboration of legislative initiatives and their preliminary discussion at the site of the factions instead of seeking only to quantitative indicators of activity and sometimes abuse of the right of legislative initiative in the PR-purposes.” At the same time, the decline in the number of parliamentary initiatives, the experts explain in the lower house a large number of newcomers.
Strengthened, according to the study, and inter-party consensus on the voting process — this is particularly true of bills which are accepted in the key second reading. In the period of last session the proportion of bills adopted by the majority vote of each of the Duma factions, was 55.5%. That’s twice what it was during the spring session 2016 (26.3 per cent).
Maintaining bipartisan consensus is due to “take into account the proposals of the opposition during Committee and legislative work, the joint advocacy of the interests of factions of the electorate to the Executive power,” believe the authors of the rating. Cross-party consensus, they emphasize, is preserved, “despite receiving the “United Russia” constitutional “superblast” and the formal absence of the need to enlist the support of members of other factions”.
The three most active MPs-lawmakers from United Russia, the experts included the first Deputy Chairman of the Committee on development of civil society Dmitry Vyatkin (3 paid and as many of the accepted bills), the head of the Committee on state building, Pavel Krasheninnikov (three introduced bills, one passed and one passed the first reading) and the leader of the faction Vladimir Vasiliev (co-author of two adopted inter-factional bills).
“Fair Russia” has introduced the most bills on behalf of the faction. In the first place by the number of input documents — the leader of fraction Sergey Mironov (29 bills), the second — the head of Committee for financial market Anatoly Aksakov (23), the third Vice-speaker of the state Duma Olga Epifanova (26).
The liberal democratic party more often than other factions manifest themselves MPs and newcomers. Leader in the number of introduced bills is the Ural Deputy Daniel Shilkov (nine documents). And the most effective parliamentarian from the liberal democratic party became the Vice-speaker Igor Lebedev (five bills were introduced, two — both sectarian — taken).
As for the Communist party, the authors of the study, its activity is reduced, “the number of new software-ideological bills introduced in the state Duma after the elections.” On the one hand, they admit that in the Duma of the previous convocation, the Communists showed less legislative activity, but “after the election of the Duma mandates has lost many members, who were law-making work separately from the leadership of the party.” In the end, the undisputed leader among the Communists in legislative activity was the head of the Moscow party Committee, Valery Rashkin (included six bills).
Without “political manifestos”
Reducing the number of bills connected with the General establishment of order and discipline in the state Duma and the reduction in the number of opposition factions in the newly elected, said the Chairman of the faction “Fair Russia” Mikhail Emelyanov. According to him, in the previous convocation of the bills were often for members of a kind of “political Manifesto”, but suffered because the authors “do not really bother about legal correctness”.
The reduction of the activity of MPs is due to give the ruling party a constitutional majority in the Duma, said the Communist Valery Rashkin. According to him, this is typical of the parliaments of the countries in which, as in Russia, there is a single vertical of power. Another reason for the decrease in the activity of the Duma Rashkin calls inexperience of single-mandate that is unable to translate its initiatives into bills.
According to the analyst Abbas Gallyamov, decrease rule-making activity of the Parliament brings the political system to international standards as in the West, bills mainly drafted by the government.
“The question is how democratic measures that parliamentary activity is limited. From the point of view of strategy wrong, when for a common normalization system inside it creates filters that artificially restrict deputies, — says the expert. — The MP should not have to obey anyone except their voters. Only the voter has the right to decide whether a human Deputy, in making this or that bill”.