In the European Parliament, presidential elections were held, won by the leader of the centre-right European people’s party Antonio Tajani. This is stated in the official Twitter of the European Parliament.
#EPlenary has elected Italian @Antonio_Tajani (EPP) as the new president of the European Parliament. RT and spread the news! pic.twitter.com/ibxO9ToJcT
— European Parliament (@Europarl_EN) 17 Jan 2017
Earlier on January 17 in the first, second and third rounds of elections the head of the EP to determine the winner failed. Of the six candidates for the post determined two favorites, Thaw and Pittella, however, four candidates from smaller European parties also continued to participate in the voting, Reuters reported. From participation in elections on a post of the Chairman of the EP before the first round refused refused former Prime Minister of Belgium and head of the Alliance of liberals and Democrats for Europe guy Verhofstadt, who was also considered as one of the favorites of the race. He said that support in the elections Tajani.
According to the chief researcher at the Institute of Europe RAS Vladimir Schweitzer, guy Verhofstadt is one of the most active and influential European politicians working in the European Parliament, but his faction is only 10% of the seats, and his chances to become the new head of the EP was extremely small. Other candidates for the post of President of the European Parliament, and Antonio Tajani, according to experts, a significant political figures are not. “Actually, this is typical for the European Parliament, there are representatives of the ruling parties in power have not got that kind of bench”, — said an analyst at the Russian Academy of Sciences.
What can the President of the European Parliament
However, the President of the European Parliament a decisive role in bridging the differences between the representatives of the 28 countries in the Parliament, writes the Financial Times.
“There is great interest (by national governments) to what is happening. The question is, will we be able to stabilize the legislative mechanism”, — commented on the work of the European Parliament FT one of his senior deputies.
The powers of the European Parliament after the reform of 2009 has been increased significantly. Without his approval can no longer be accepted either one common decision for the EU. These include, for example, applies the solution on the order of a British exit from the EU, noted Bloomberg.
However, to initiate EU-wide laws still has the right only the European Commission and the European Parliament may issue resolutions, which are recommendatory and not binding for the Executive bodies of the European Union. However, the European Parliament is the institution that has great power, ex-Prime Minister of Finland and former MEP Alexander Stubb.
“This is a great post and should be treated with respect,” — said Stubb (quoted by The Washington Post).
European Parliament 751 deputies from eight political groups and independent parliamentarians. The large representation (217 seats) — center-right European people’s party (EPP), the second largest political faction (189 members) — the Alliance of socialists and Democrats.
Since 2012, the post of President of the European Parliament took Martin Schulz. In November last year, he announced that he intends to return to German politics and to participate in the parliamentary elections. Schultz can challenge Angela Merkel, who intends for the fourth time to run for the post of Chancellor from the Christian democratic Union. Before to take a high position, Schultz was part of the Alliance of socialists and Democrats.
Financial Times, citing the words of the Chairman of the EPP Manfred Weber noted that several years ago between the two major parties of the Parliament, the European people’s party and Alanson of socialists and Democrats, was agreed, after the departure of Schulz, the presidency of the European Parliament will move to the center-right under the leadership of Antonio Tajani.
After working at his post for a full term of five years, Martin Schulz, had violated an unwritten principle of rotation, said chief researcher of the Institute of Europe RAS Vladimir Schweitzer. Before his five-year term in half was shared by the representatives of the traditionally largest parties: the centre-right European people’s party and the center-left Alliance of socialists and Democrats, and now it is unclear to whom “justice” should get this post, notes Schweitzer.
However, Gianni Pittella of the Alliance of socialists and Democrats, said that his faction does not intend to comply with the agreement, as this will lead to the usurpation of all posts in the European Union by one party, as a member of the EPP Jean-Claude Juncker is the President of the European Commission, and the President of the European Council Donald Tusk informed also were part of this political group.
Newspaper Euobserver reported earlier, citing its sources, that a violation of this agreement in the Alliance of socialists and Democrats associated with the fact that “warm relations” c EPP harm their political standing.
On relations with Russia, the election of the new speaker of the European Parliament is hardly affected, said Vladimir Schweitzer in wounds. “The national parliaments of the EU countries play a much more important role in determining policy. The same European Parliament resolution against the RT have become the advertising channel, rather than specific measures,” he said.
Antonio Tajani — one of the 14 Vice-presidents of the European Parliament, member of the European people’s party.
In 1974-1975 he served in the Italian air force. In 1983-1987 was a special representative of Italy in Lebanon, the Soviet Union and Somalia.
In the late 80-ies engaged in journalism in 1987-1993 years, he headed the newspaper “Il Giornale”.
Since 1994 member of the European Parliament.
From 2008 to 2010 was the European Commissioner for transport, and then until 2014 he held the post of European Commissioner for industry and entrepreneurship EC.
Returned to parliamentary work in the EP in 2014, when he took the post of Vice-President of the European Parliament. Also, in 2014, member of the Executive Committee of the party “Forza Italia”.
The Financial Times notes that he was one of the close associates of Silvio Berlusconi, and inside political group of the socialists helped to achieve consensus.