In Astana late in the evening local time on the first day of the talks on the Syrian settlement. The first was attended by representatives of the armed Syrian opposition. Intermediaries were made by the delegations of the countries-guarantors of the agreement at the end of December peace: Russia, Turkey and Iran and the special representative of the UN Secretary General on Syria Staffan de Mistura and the U.S. Ambassador to Kazakhstan, George Krol in the capacity of observer.
The special representative of the President of Russia Syria, Alexander Lavrentiev, who headed the Russian delegation, told RIA Novosti that Russia in General is satisfied with the results of the plenary session, which began with the working day. However, he noted that “between the parties remains mutual distrust.”
The head of the opposition delegation, one of the leaders of the group of “Jaish al-Islam,” Mohammed Alloush in his speech at the first session of the talks said that the opposition came to Astana in order to consolidate the previously achieved ceasefire and to achieve the lifting of the blockade cities, delivery of humanitarian aid and the release of prisoners from prisons. Alloush said that the truce still needs final approval, stressing that the opposition is ready for a peaceful settlement and continued fighting.
The government delegation described the statement on the continuation of hostilities as a provocation and accused the opposition of trying to disrupt the negotiations of such statements. “We are unpleasantly surprised by the statement of the representative of the terrorist groups, who, in his speech, left the diplomatic language”, — said the head of the delegation of the Syrian government, Bashar ja’afari (quoted by TASS). However, according to him, the task of the government delegation at the talks partly coincide with the goals of the opposition. The delegation, according to Jaafari, arrived in Astana in order to permanently fix the parameters of the agreement’s cease-fire.
Moreover, Alloush demanded the withdrawal from Syria of all, Iranian-backed militias, and stressed that the political process will only begin with the departure of Bashar al-Assad, handed TV channel ِAl Jazeera. The representative delegations of the armed factions Osama Abu Zeid told the AFP news Agency that the opposition of speech against Iran as a guarantor of any agreement, calling it a hostile state that is committing crimes against the Syrian people, handed TV channel Al Jazeera. Abu Zeid warned that in case the negotiations fail, the opposition will be forced to resume hostilities against the Syrian army and its supporting armed groups
After a General organizational session of the countries-guarantors of the truce, and the UN special envoy to Syria Stefan di Mistura, held separate consultations with the parties to the Syrian conflict. The opposition has stated that it is not ready for direct contacts with official Damascus. The Minister of foreign Affairs of Russia Sergey Lavrov at a press conference in Moscow said that Iran has helped in establishing contacts with representatives of Damascus and in contacts with the opposition as facilitators are the representatives of the Turkish delegation.
Despite the difficult situation and the difficulties of the negotiation process continues. “The atmosphere of negotiations, the working, focus on consolidating the ceasefire and resolving the humanitarian issues,” — said the Agency “Interfax” a source close to the negotiations.
The parties continue to work to align the outcome of the negotiations, which must be signed after the meeting on January 24. As follows from the draft of the final communiqué of the guarantor countries of the armistice (Russia, Turkey and Iran) plan to create a trilateral regime to monitor compliance with the ceasefire. ٌاКроме in the project document is supported by part of the armed opposition in the upcoming Geneva negotiations to be held under the auspices of the United Nations on 8 February. The document also Russia, Turkey and Iran will call for a disengagement of terrorists and factions of the armed opposition, and also expressed intention to join efforts in the fight against Islamic state terrorists “Frente al-nusra” (banned in Russia), it is reported by TV channel Al Jazeera with reference to the draft outcome document.