The house of Commons of the British Parliament on 8 February overwhelmingly approved the third reading of the bill on the country’s withdrawal from the European Union. According to Bloomberg, the adoption of the bill voted 494 deputies, against — 122.
The previous reading of the bill took place a week ago. According to its results, the bill was supported by 498 parliamentarians, 114 voted against it. After that, according to procedural rules, the document was sent for revision to the parliamentary committees, and before the third reading and returned to the house of Commons.
Now the bill will be sent to the house of lords, which also must pass three readings, including consideration in Committee between the second and third readings. If the committees did not propose any amendments over and above those already approved by the house of Commons, the document must be approved by Queen Elizabeth II, after which it will become law. Otherwise, the bill will return to the house of Commons for approval of the new amendments.
The discussion document is a formal act, which will allow the UK government to send the EU a formal request to start negotiations for the country’s exit from the European Union. Earlier, the Cabinet of Ministers insisted on the fact that may initiate negotiations on their own, but in November the court ruled that parliamentary approval for this step.
The government appealed this decision to the Supreme court, but on 24 January and lost it. Two days later, wasting no time, the Cabinet submitted the bill for its first reading in Parliament. Earlier, Prime Minister Theresa may has repeatedly said that it plans to begin talks with Brussels until March 31.
The bill itself consists of several paragraphs, and certifies the authority of the Prime Minister to begin negotiations for Britain’s withdrawal from the EU under article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty. A separate document, not worthy of the vote, is the “White book” published by the government a detailed analysis of your negotiation position.
White paper based on the speech of the Prime Minister may from 17 Jan. Previously wrote about the fact that the project Mae is a variant of “gray” Brexit: the intermediate path between the maintenance of close social and economic ties with the continent and return to the relations with the EU on a common basis, guided by the rules of the world trade organization (WTO).
Government plan involves the withdrawal of great Britain from the system of EU legislation, establishing its own controls on immigration and the preservation of the most free trade relations with the EU.
During the debate before the third reading of the labour opposition tried to clarify a number of provisions of the White paper and include them in the bill. For example, on Wednesday, the parliamentarians proposed to specifically prescribe the rights of EU citizens to live and work in the UK after completion of Brexit. However, all amendments were rejected, and the document passed through the house of Commons in its original form.
The first reading of the document in the house of lords will not take place before February 20 — the day the upper house of the British Parliament will resume its work after a two week vacation starting on 9 February. According to the newspaper The Telegraph, in the absence of delay and delay process and the third and final reading of the bill in the house of lords on 7 March, and then in the way of the Cabinet of Ministers will be only the approval of the monarch. This means that the Prime Minister, may can full to confirm the country’s intention to withdraw from the EU at the next European Council (summit of heads of state and government of EU countries), which will be held in Brussels on 9-10 March.