The court of appeal dismissed the appeal of the White house on the decision of Federal judges to suspend the decree of Donald trump, prohibiting entry into the United States residents of several Muslim countries, explaining to the lawyers the Ministry of justice, which represented the interests of the White house that people have the right to free movement and the right to protection from discrimination. The court noted that evidence that citizens from the list of “suspicious” countries were planning any attacks on US soil, no.
Thus, despite all efforts to trump his decree “On the protection of the country from the entry of foreign terrorists” in the USA is currently not valid.
The US President Donald trump has imposed a temporary ban on entry to USA citizens number of “suspicious” middle Eastern countries — Syria, Iraq, Iran, Sudan, Libya, Somalia and Yemen, on January 27. According to the text of the decree to 120 days suspended American program of reception, of 90 days are prohibited entry into the United States citizens of certain countries, with the exception of diplomats. A separate item until a special presidential order was denied entry to refugees from Syria.
No visa services or employees of the international airports, were not prepared for the entry into force of this decree. Hundreds of people were detained at the border control after arriving in U.S. airports, the largest airports of the country — in Chicago, Dallas, Denver, Los Angeles, San Francisco and Seattle — have been large-scale protests.
Attorney General of Washington state filed a lawsuit in Federal court against the President of the United States Donald trump, the internal security Ministry and officials of the presidential administration, demanding to recognise as unconstitutional the main provisions of the presidential decree. A Seattle Federal judge James Robart stopped its action of February 4 until the decision in this case. The first request of the justice Department, demanding to cancel the temporary “freezing of the decree” until the end of the hearing on the conformity of the presidential decree of the Constitution, was also rejected.
Donald trump said that because of the decision of a Federal judge to suspend his immigration order in the country may come to “a very bad and dangerous people.” “Since the ban was lifted by the judge, a very bad and dangerous people can come in our country. Terrible decision,” he wrote then.
Where did the terrorists come to the US?
According to think tank the New America which specializiruetsya on research in the area of national security, the vast majority of terrorists detained in the United States since 2001, had residence permits or were American citizens. According to the research organization, with only nine American citizens, accused of organizing terrorist attacks, were one of the countries, the entry of which in the United States is now prohibited.
The White house administration has prepared and distributed on 9 February among the media in your own list of terrorists, arrived in the United States. It lists 24 people arrested on charges of involvement in terrorist activities. According to the Fox News channel, in the order which received the list, almost half of these people (10 people) arrived in the territory of America from Somalia, six were from Iraq, two from Sudan, Iran and Libya, and one each from Yemen and Libya. A citizen of Yemen, mentioned in this list received U.S. citizenship, and one of them was a Palestinian refugee from Iraq.
What are the real consequences of the decree?
- Trump’s decree banning the entry of citizens of seven countries has caused large-scale protests in the first days after its adoption and strong criticism in the liberal media. The US President was accused of discrimination against Muslims in denial of democracy and of cruelty. In addition to the lawsuit from the Prosecutor in Washington state, a similar action lawsuit against trump was filed by the attorney of Minnesota, human rights organization the American Union of protection of civil liberties.
“It’s cruel and stupid”: what the media are writing about the immigration act trump
- The decree has led to complication of relations of trump with administration officials and representatives of the US judicial system. The dismissal of the acting U.S. attorney Sally Yates, who criticized the immigration decree of the President and Daniel Ragsdale, ispolnyavshih the acting head of immigration and customs enforcement — a visual confirmation of the opposition to Trump inside the unit.
- The decree has complicated the already difficult relationships trump technology with U.S. companies, whose executives and employees EN masse to vote for his rival, Hillary Clinton. The largest companies in Silicon valley have signed a document (amicus curie, literally “friend of the court”), in which he called immigration a decree trump illegal and complicating the business environment. This conclusion was signed by 97 companies. Advisory Council on business created by trump in order to establish a dialogue with the leading technology companies in December 2016, in protest against the decree trump came the founder of Uber Travis Kalanick, who in January wrote in his personal blog that the best way to act — to participate in decision-making.
- The white house decides how to tighten checks for those who want to come to the US from countries that were in the restrictive list. Among the measures that are seriously discussing the state Department and the Department of homeland security — a requirement to give US authorities access to pages of their social networks and phone contacts.
- The decree affected the procedure for the issuance of U.S. visas to Russian citizens. The period during which it is possible to re-obtain a visa without an interview, was reduced from 4 years to 1 year.
- The decree has led to strained relations between the US and Iran. In response to restrictive measures imposed by the US, Iran’s foreign Ministry stopped issuing visas to Iranian citizens of USA, stating that exceptions will be considered on an individual basis. Monday, February 6, trump called Iran “a terrorist state number one”, and the agreement on the Iranian nuclear program — “the worst deal he ever seen.” On the same day, the US imposed new sanctions against 13 citizens and 12 structures of Iran, in response to ballistic missile tests, which took place in late January.
- The decree trump condemned the leaders of Germany, Britain, France, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia and a number of other States. The Prime Minister of Canada Justin Trudeau has expressed readiness to host in the country those who can not enter new rules in the United States. Meanwhile, English research centre Chatam House conducted a survey in ten European countries demonstrated broad public support for the idea of limiting migration from Muslim countries. Most people in Germany, Belgium, France, Austria, Italy, Poland, Greece, Hungary supported the introduction of similar measures at home (in all countries more than 50% of respondents). In Spain, this idea was supported by 41% of respondents in the UK — 47%.
The citizens of Syria, Iraq, Iran, Sudan, Libya, Somalia and Yemen can still come to the US if they issued the visa. The appeal panel decided that any suggestion that the entry may be permitted “goes against the fundamental structure of our constitutional democracy”.
The court pointed out that the ban discriminare Muslims, “but without doubt is a blow to the government,” notes The Washington Post.
Trump reacted angrily to the court’s decision on his Twitter, writing “see you in court, the security of our country at stake!” and said that the judges “made a political decision”. The Ministry of justice reacted cautiously, saying that “considering the decision, taking into account their opportunities.” In essence, this means that the Ministry is examining the prospects of the appeal to the Supreme court of the United States.
As an appointee of the trump alter the balance of power in the Supreme court of the United States
In many ways, the fate of the immigration decree of the President of trump now depends on how the coming weeks will be like hearing on the nomination of the Nile Gorsuch, which trump suggested to the Supreme court of the United States.
On Wednesday this week, the Senate confirmed Jeff Selenca for the post of US attorney General and head of the Ministry of justice. He will now lead the White house from lawsuits in the case of unconstitutional immigration decree.
Victims of the immigration Ordinance
Until 4th February at U.S. airports was happening shaped the confusion arising from the fact that clear instructions how to deal with those who dwell on the territory of these countries, it was not. February 2, the Department of homeland security has published a report designed to calm the protesters.
- Less than 1% of 325 thousand daily arriving in the United States by air transport of passengers were inconvenienced because of this decree.
- 109 people were not allowed in the US due to the fact that were citizens of the countries one of the countries the restraining order. As has explained a press-the Secretary of Donald trump on January 31, these are the people who, during the entry into force of the decree was already on the way.
- Since the entry into force of the decree trump was recommended to be denied boarding 1222 passengers bound for the United States.
- 87 visa holder under a decree trump won the right to enter after the responsible authorities have considered their cases privately and came to the conclusion that these people do not pose a threat to national security.
- No one holds a special immigrant visa (issued, for example, citizens of Iraq and Afghanistan who collaborated with the armed forces of the United States) are not received as a result of the decree, the refusal of entry in the United States as of February 2.
- 872 refugee arrived in the United States during the week since the signing of the decree. For each of them permission to enter the authorities promised to take a decision individually
With the participation of Alena Mahakavi.