On Friday, February 10, across Iran celebrated the 38th anniversary of the victory of the Iranian Islamic revolution of 1979. On the streets thousands of people. They chanted anti-American and anti-Israeli slogans. Speaking at a rally on the capital’s main Azadi square, Iran’s President Hassan Rouhani said that Iran will give a decisive response to threats from the United States.
Relations between Tehran and Washington deteriorated sharply after 29 January, Iran launched ballistic medium-range missiles from the launch pad, located near the city of Semnan (225 km East of Tehran). Iran has violated a UN resolution restricting the missile programme of the country, said Advisor to trump on national security Michael Flynn. Trump and members of his administration repeatedly criticized the agreement on the Iranian nuclear programme, adopted for its implementation 2231 a resolution of the UN security Council. The agreement was signed in 2015 Iran, Germany, France, Britain, Russia, China and the United States.
In response, Washington has not only condemned the tests, describing them as an attempt to undermine security and stability in the region, but also imposed new sanctions on 13 people and 12 organizations. In the black list includes those who are involved in the program to develop ballistic missiles or supporting the Islamic revolutionary guards Corps (IRGC). Iran’s Supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei on 7 February called trump a “real face” of American corruption, reports Reuters.
Not all participants of the agreement agree that the missile test violates it. Missile provisions laid down in resolution 2231, urged Iran to refrain from test launches of ballistic missiles, but does not include an outright ban, said the Director of the Department for nonproliferation and arms control of the Russian foreign Ministry Mikhail Ulyanov in an interview with RIA Novosti.
Russia’s permanent representative to the UN Vitaly Churkin in an interview to television channel RT also emphasized that Iran conducted tests not run counter to the agreements on the nuclear program and there is no technical nor legal, nor political grounds to assert that Tehran violates the prohibitions.
Iran insists on its right to the development of the missile program. European traders made the cautious statement. The European Union urged Tehran to refrain from actions that exacerbate the distrust to the country.
The agreement on the nuclear program
“Joint comprehensive plan of action” (SVPD) to ensure the peaceful nature of Iran’s nuclear program was signed on 14 July 2015 Iran and a group of States “Eurotroika+3” (Germany, France, UK, USA, Russia and China). Its implementation began in January 2016, after Tehran gave its nuclear programme in line with the action Plan. Attempts to resolve the issue of Iran’s nuclear program were made more than ten years. From 2006 to 2010 the UN security Council adopted six resolutions on Iran’s nuclear program, against individuals and companies in the country were imposed international sanctions. In 2012, the U.S. and EU tightened financial and economic constraints that severely hit the oil and banking sectors Iran’s economy. In accordance with the plan, Iran agreed to curtail its nuclear program in exchange for sanctions relief.
The deal in question
“Everything that relates to this agreement, horrifying. As a businessman, I know how to distinguish a good agreement from the bad. This agreement impossible to understand. It is beyond my understanding,” said trump, posted on Friday, February 10, interview to the newspaper “Israel ha-Yom” (quoted by TASS).
Agreement 2015 he was criticized throughout the election campaign, however, did not say what actions it intends to take in the future. U.S. Secretary of state Rex Tillerson in their assessments was more reserved, he offered to conduct a “full analysis” of the agreement, writes Reuters. The position of the trump supports Israel and many of the congressmen of the Republican party, criticized President Barack Obama for agreeing to it. Critics of the agreement claim that it is backed by proper guarantees from Iran.
While trump has not decided what to do with the agreement, others warn him against hasty steps. The Minister of foreign Affairs of Iran Mohammad Javad Zarif stated that Tehran will not reconsider the nuclear deal. “I think trump will insist on new negotiations. But Iran and European countries will not give their consent,” said Zarif the Iranian newspaper Ettelaat (quoted by Reuters).
“If this deal falls through, then the problems that now seemingly successfully resolved, will rise again with all sharpness and the situation will again become unpredictable” — said the Russian diplomat Mikhail Ulyanov. In response to the harsh rhetoric of the US Iran can withdraw from the agreement. This outcome, according to Ulyanov, would be a serious failure for the entire international community, which managed to reach a fragile compromise that meets the interests of all.
The Minister of foreign Affairs of France Jean-Marc Ayrault said that his country has “serious concern about the attitude of the American administration agreement”.
Despite the harsh rhetoric Washington and Tehran will not go to extreme measures, I’m sure the expert discussion club “Valdai” Vladimir Sazhin: trump won’t get out of the AGREEMENT unilaterally, so as not to undermine the credibility and image of the United States in the international arena, especially in the eyes of its allies in the EU who support the agreement, and Iran will not risk not to trigger new sanctions. Trump a lot of difficulties in domestic politics, therefore, to unleash another conflict at the international level “will be very costly for him,” said the Professor, Tehran University Mohammad Marandi, expert of the International discussion club “Valdai”.