The output of the parties
Went to the Ukraine deputies of the state Duma Maria Maksakova and Denis Boronenkov expelled from the parties they represented in the lower house. Maksakova was deprived of membership in “United Russia”, and her husband — in the Communist party.
As explained by Vice-speaker of the state Duma, member of the Communist party Ivan Melnikov, Boronenkov membership in the party was terminated automatically. “According to the Russian law on political parties is a foreign citizen cannot be a member of the party. With dual citizenship, too,” he said.
The same reason in the “United Russia” has explained the decision by Maria Maksakova. At a press briefing the head of the Moscow branch of the party Andrei Metelsky has explained that, according to FZ “About political parties”, a person with dual citizenship cannot be a member of the party.
Thus, the Federal law “On political parties” forbids persons with dual citizenship to members of political parties: the ban applies to foreign citizens, persons without citizenship and disabled citizens.
Earlier it was reported that Maksakova fired from Russian Academy of music Gnesin, where she taught. The singer about his dismissal had learned from their students, she said in a radio interview “Kommersant FM”. At the Mariinsky theatre Maria Maksakova is Opera company, the question of her dismissal, refused to comment.
Prior to this, in an interview with “Medusa” Maksakova said that, in addition to Russian, she has German citizenship. She explained that the other members of the state Duma learned about her dual citizenship after the elections and tried to force her to abandon it. In the party, according to her, she discussed this issue only in “personal conversations”. That of a foreign passport need to notify the leadership of the party, she was not known, said Maksakova.
In the Russian Parliament did not issue separate statements about the fugitive deputies, the head of the Duma Committee on CIS Leonid Kalashnikov. Fugitives should engage law enforcement agencies if they have questions, he said. Representatives of the “United Russia” in the comment also noted that not will tighten the rules because of the incident with Maksakova and check out the members of the party in the presence of dual citizenship. The CEC stated that it is willing to conduct an audit at the election of the Deputy Maksakova in 2011, reports “arguments of the week”, while requests from deputies and law enforcement officials to the Commission was received.
Wife Boronenkov and Maksakova moved from Russia to Ukraine in the fall of 2016. A month before the election they did not pass in the state Duma of the seventh convocation. At the end of January it was reported that in Kiev Boronenkov testified against the former President of Ukraine Viktor Yanukovych on charges of treason.
Boronenkov and Maria Maksakova — not the first Russian politicians, who fled to Ukraine, but their statements were the most resonant. February 14, former MP in an interview blocked in Russia to the Ukrainian edition Сensor.net compare Russia with the Third Reich and called the annexation of Crimea annexation. In the interview he also said that in Russia everything is controlled by the FSB about the massive vote rigging in the country at all levels and that “Putin doesn’t like it when the litter carried out of the house, if this COP comes to his closest friends, which corruption, as it turned out, allowed”. He also confirmed that he had received Ukrainian citizenship in December 2016.
The next day it became known that in Russia, ex-the Deputy has declared the Federal wanted list and was found guilty under article 159 of the criminal code (fraud). The investigative Committee has also issued a resolution on bringing him to justice under part 3 of article 33 (types of accomplices — organizer) and part 1 of article 170.1 of the criminal code (organization of falsifying the unified state register of legal entities). As TFR says that Voronenkov was the organizer of the fraudulent scheme in the sale of a building on International street in Moscow, which belonged to TOMA, OOO.
After that, Boronenkov gave an interview to Ukrainian TV channel “Gromadske”. In it he developed the theme of the accession of Crimea to Russia and said that Russian presidential aide Vladislav Surkov was “strongly against” this decision. Following this, in “Газете.Ru” there was an interview of the adviser Surkov, Alexei Chesnakov, in which he stated that the assistant to the President “laughed” over statements Boronenkov and in due time called him “the man with the face of cooties.”
“Moskovsky Komsomolets”, the former MP from the Communist party said that the reason for his move to Ukraine was “illegal” and “unjust” prosecution. According to Boronenkov, in Ukraine, it is “well accepted”.
Against this background, the Deputy Chairman of the CPRF Central Committee Vladimir Kashin, citing its own sources said that Voronenkov is allegedly planning to become the Governor of Odessa region.
As reported a source in the Verkhovna Rada, plans for the active involvement Boronenkov and Maksakova in Ukrainian politics, he had not heard. “Ukraine for various reasons, have moved quite a few famous Russians, including former Deputy Ilya Ponomarev. But after a series of high-profile interviews usually interest in them ends. In active policy, they do not go — the high level of competition, plus there is suspicion of immigrants from Russia”, — he added.
No hype them moving to Ukraine from local authorities has not caused, and ordinary people do not know who are Voronenkov and Maksakova, commented Ukrainian political analyst Volodymyr Fesenko. According to him, in Kiev had already gathered “a Russian Diaspora” of opposition figures, but this pair will be the most well-known among Russians, “left Russia because of persecution.”
Boronenkov, like his wife, was a Deputy in the state Duma of VI convocation from 2011 to 2016. During this time he co-authored 30 legislative initiatives, of which six were signed, 11 declined, and others are under consideration.
In December 2013 he co-authored the introduction in the criminal code article 280.1 of responsibility for public appeals to violation of integrity of Russia. According to this article in Russia persecuted people expressed about the status of Crimea in the same vein in which he gave an interview to Ukrainian media, declaring the annexation of the Crimea.
The most acclaimed of his bills began in September 2014, amendments to the law “On mass media”. The document has banned foreign States, international organizations and Russians with dual citizenship from owning more than 20% in the Russian media. He Boronenkov claimed to have developed only the “legal component” of the bill.
The law was passed, and the Cyprus company Kommersant Holding (Cyprus) Ltd sold its share in OOO “Kommersant holding” and the newspaper “Vedomosti” has changed the owner: in late November, the Dow Jones and Pearson announced the withdrawal from the capital of publishing and selling their shares to the former General Director ID “Kommersant” Demyan Kudryavtsev.
In 2014, the Deputy Boronenkov also co-authored the law on controlled foreign companies (CFC), which ordered the Russian beneficiaries of offshore companies to pay tax on foreign income. Among the other high-profile initiatives Boronenkov — adopted a bill criminalizing public incitement to violate the integrity of the Russian Federation and rejected — on the establishment of restrictions on the payment of remuneration of executives of state corporations.
In July 2016, the Deputy of the famous formal request to the Minister of communications and FSB Director Alexander Bortnikov, in which he proposed to ban the distribution of an augmented reality game Pokemon Go in Russia. Fight with pokemon Boronenkov justified by the fact that “with video games, the authorities responsible for the conduct of psychological warfare in the United States, trying to form the image of a future war that is best suited to the purposes and interests of Washington the high — tech and modern “wars of the 21st century”, “war on America”.
Maria Maksakova, in turn, proposed to criminalize female circumcision and to give respite to child care for pregnant women and single parents convicted of pedophilia, committing terrorist attacks, encroachment on the life of statesmen, the violent seizure of power or armed rebellion. Maksakova also was known to fight for “spiritual bonds”. In January 2014, has proposed to ban giving children any information that “denies family values, promotes priority of sexual relationships and forming disrespect to parents or other family members”.
Maksakova was also a co-author of amendments to the draft law “On foreign agents” and signed the bill “On measures of influence on persons involved in violations of the rights and freedoms of the person” — similar to the American “Magnitsky list”.
Judging by Twitter Boronenkov, the annexation of Crimea earlier, he actively supported it. “Photos from my trip to the Crimea. I was struck by his beauty. Fully support its joining Russia!”, he wrote in August 2014.
Speaking in the Duma Boronenkov did not stint on criticism of the Ukrainian authorities, alluding to the fact that its elites are under the control of external forces: “an Example of this we see in Ukraine, where billionaires brought almost the entire country in the offshore, where people are freezing, and the state has no money to pay for gas: it is through the owners of large companies outside forces can influence and continue to influence internal and external policy of the Ukrainian state”.
Both former deputies before fleeing, spoke positively about President Putin. “To be Frank, I have 12 years of Vladimir Putin is really like as a man,” explained Maria Maksakova “news” in 2011, his entry into the Pro-presidential all-Russia people’s front.
A blow to the image of the Duma
Interviewed experts believe that the image of the Russian state Duma and political parties the spouses flight to Ukraine will not affect negatively. “It [the Duma] the image of this story on impact because of the shoots, prosecutions and persecution of deputies already had a lot of”, — said political strategist Andrey Kolyadin. In his opinion, “United Russia” is no accident decided not to impose additional checks for party members: they could threaten the status of the members of the party.
Political analyst Konstantin Kalachev added that the situation with the Voronenkova and Maksakova may even benefit the image of the state Duma of the new convocation. “On the contrary, it is now possible to say that the ranks [of deputies] has cleansed them from all sorts of fugitives, it even increase the credibility of the new Duma”, — suggested the expert.
To strengthen the image of deputies and the Duma in General, this story will not, but to say that they are irreparably damaged — it is also an exaggeration, says analyst Abbas Gallyamov. According to him, the General Patriotic and “anti” attitude of the MPs is not in doubt and the betrayal of two people, this perception does not change. “For that to happen, it is necessary that such incidents were several and in addition some of the politicians or the media must articulate that, say, “all the deputies — traitors” and many times to repeat this thesis. Without this, the image of Duma threatens nothing”, — says the analyst.