The demolition of five-story building will cost the Moscow budget 2.5–3 trillion rubles.

The demolition of five-story building will cost the Moscow budget 2.5–3 trillion rubles.

Three trillion

The Moscow authorities will launch a new program to demolish five-story building. A bucket will go home with a total area of 25 million square metres, which are home to 1.6 million people. This was announced on Tuesday, February 21, at the meeting of the President of Russia Vladimir Putin and mayor Sergei Sobyanin.

Sobyanin said that the city was 25 million sq. m. “uncomfortable, by and large the old housing,” which in 10-20 years will be a disaster. According to Putin, Muscovites expect that these houses are demolished, new housing will be built, and it “is the most correct decision.”

Sobyanin said that “the project requires huge financial resources”, but Moscow’s budget is stable enough, and the opportunities the city has. In early February, at a meeting of the Council of municipalities of the head of construction Marat Khusnullin said that the project to demolish five-story building “practically impossible”. No launch sites for the construction of new houses, the residents absolutely do not want to move from old apartments, and in addition, a new wave of demolition five-story building will require “substantial resources”, said Khusnullin. It is, according to the head of construction, will cost more to transport the program, which is a year spent not less than 300 billion rubles.

Demolition of that much housing can cost 30-40 billion rubles, said the Director of sales Ledger “Grenelle” Rustam Arslanov. “The program for the resettlement of 25 million citizens would cost 2,5-3 trillion rubles,” said Arslanov.

CEO Key Capital Sergey kamluk believes that the demolition of such a volume of five-story building will cost not less 166.7 billion rubles for resettlement will have to build at least 50 million sq. m. excluding landscaping and social infrastructure this will cost about 2.5 trillion rubles.

The Deputy of Moscow city Council Andrey Klychkov believes that the budget for the demolition of this amount of housing is not enough, you will have to attract private investment. But, he said, to relocate residents from five-storey buildings of the Metropolitan government until the election of mayor in 2018 will not, so as not to enrage potential voters.

Meaningless repair

Mass construction of five-storey buildings was held in Moscow from mid-fifties to 1972. In houses of brick or concrete panels were low ceilings, small kitchens, poor noise insulation, no elevators and chutes, attics and basements are normal. Cheap and quick housing was built to massively move into separate apartments of people who lived in communal barracks.

Photo: Yulia Kuznetsova / Lori

The five-story building five episodes of the first series of industrial housing construction have been calculated for 25 years. In 1999, the Moscow government adopted a resolution about the demolition. The program includes the so-called 1722 houses demolished series with a total area of 6.3 million sq. m. As have informed in a press-service of the Department of construction of Moscow, to be demolished 71 five-storey building. The program is planned to be completed until 2018.

Resource “Khrushchev” series was originally estimated at 50 years. But the city authorities claimed that the modern major home repair can last 150 years. Recently, the issue of whether or not demolition of all five-storey buildings were raised more often. In early February, at a meeting of the Council of municipalities with participation Sobyanin, stated that municipal deputies. At the meeting of the Moscow city Duma on 13 February Deputy city announced that it will appeal a special appeal to the mayor Sergey Sobyanin about the need for a new program of demolition of five-story building. At the meeting in the Metropolitan Parliament stressed that to overhaul these “Khrushchev” is useless.

Representatives of the Department of urban development said that urban development and civil legislation does not allow to demolish the building because they are not emergency housing. On the legislative barriers said Sobyanin at a meeting with Putin: the Moscow authorities intend to prepare and submit to the state Duma a bill that would legalize the demolition.

Contributions to kapremont

From 1 July 2015, the Muscovites, including the residents of “Khrushchev”, pay contributions for capital repair of apartment houses at the rate of 15 rubles per square meter. From July 2017, they will pay up to 17 rubles, but that will be accumulated on kapremont specific houses means, is unclear. In a press-service of Fund of capital repairs have not answered the questions how much could cost the overhaul of the five-story rock-steady and what will happen to the contributions which the tenants have already paid.

According to the Housing code tenants whose homes will be included in the program of demolition, shall return the fees, said the Chairman of the Duma Committee for housing and communal services Galina Khovanskaya. But the mechanism of possible refund is not fully developed, said the Chairman of the Union of organizations of Moscow Konstantin Krokhin. “Accounting of the contributions received is at best pogresno. Where should go if the building is demolished, it is unclear,” said Krokhin.

The Chairman of the Commission on municipal economy of Moscow city Council Stepan Orlov said that this issue should be pursued. “The deputies are ready to take part in it. I hope that the Moscow government will present their proposals,” —said Orlov.

Featuring Alexei Pastushin