How the murder occurred
According to the materials of the case, the evening of February 27, 2015, Boris Nemtsov was found in Gum with his girlfriend, Ukrainian model Anna Duritskaya. The politician dismissed his chauffeur and together with the girl walked towards Marsh street. When they were crossing the Bolshoy Moskvoretsky bridge, with them came alongside a white Ford, which Nemtsov opened fire. Unknown shot at least six times, four bullets hit directly in the heart and mind of Boris Nemtsov. The politician died on the spot. The criminals fled the scene.
Boris Nemtsov — a Russian opposition politician and public figure. Born on 9 October 1959 in Sochi. In 1967 he moved to Nizhny Novgorod, graduated from the Radiophysics faculty Gorky state University. N. And. Lobachevsky later became a senior research fellow at the University and in 1985 received the degree of candidate of physical and mathematical Sciences.
In 1991, Nemtsov was Governor of Nizhny Novgorod region and for six years was promoted to first Vice-Premier of the government. In the presidential elections in 1991, was a confidant of Boris Yeltsin. In 1997 he held the post of Minister of fuel and energy. In 1999, together with Irina Khakamada and Sergei Kiriyenko to head the list of block party “Union of right forces” (SPS) and its composition was elected to the State Duma, where he occupied the posts of Deputy Chairman of the state Duma and leader of the SPS faction.
Included in the Coordination Council of Russian opposition, was one of the founders of the social-political movement “Solidarity” and the leader of the people’s freedom Party (PARNAS). Author of several policy reports (“Putin and Gazprom, “Luzhkov. Results”), projects (“the Lies of Putin’s regime”, “the Support of children’s sports of the Yaroslavl region”) and books (“Provincial”, “Provincial in Moscow”, “confessions of a rebel”). All work published on the website of the policy.
How was the result
Upon murder criminal case was brought. To investigate established a special investigation team, headed by acting head of GSU SK of Russia across Moscow Alexander Drymanov.
March 7, 2015, two suspects were detained — Anzor Gubashev and Zaur Dadaev. The next day the patrol-guard service and Dadaev, also suspected of involvement Khamzat and Temirlan Eskerkhanov was arrested. Another suspect — Beslan Shavanov — blew himself up with a grenade while trying to arrest. Dadaev made a confession, describing the cause of the murder Nemtsov’s criticism of Islam and Muslims in Russia. The rest of the detainees denied his involvement.
March 10, Dadaev refused to testify, saying he gave them under pressure in exchange for the promise that the detainee along with them Ruslan Yusupov is released. Re-inspection conducted the next day, the Public oversight Commission, traces of torture are not revealed, and the bruises and traces of handcuffs Dadaev had allegedly received during the arrest.
1 April, the representative of the Investigative Committee said, according to the results of numerous examinations, indications of witnesses and results of searches of apartments, wine Dadaeva confirmed.
December 1, 2015, the state prosecution has finished presenting evidence in the case. 29 Dec Zaur Dadaev, Shadid Gubareva, Khamzat Bachevo and Temirlan Eskerhanova was charged. The investigation concluded that the suspects had planned the murder of Nemtsov under the leadership of Ruslan Muhudinov, the Chechen fighter of the battalion “North” interior Ministry troops. The accused were offered compensation in the amount “not less than 15 million rubles.” and provided resources for the preparation and implementation of crime: apartments in Moscow, cars, weapons and mobile phones.
As there is a trial
Despite previously filed a complaint Nemtsov’s daughter Zhanna, Moscow’s Basmanny court decided to consider this matter not as a political but rather as a criminal: causing death by selfish intent. Later, this decision will be appealed, but the court decision will remain unchanged. Political party PARNAS, the leader of which was a German, the court for the same reason, is not ranked among the victims.
The organizers of the crime, one of which is named Ruslan muhudinov, instituted a separate case. Muhudinov declared in the international search. However, the family’s lawyer Nemtsov does not think it is sufficient and States that “the investigation is not effective and comprehensive”.
According to the investigation of “Novaya Gazeta”, the real organizer of the crime — Ruslan Eremeev, a former officer of the battalion “North”. However, in the investigation it was not announced. Instead, the organizer was named Ruslan muhudinov, driver Eremeeva, almost immediately after the murder he went to the United Arab Emirates, and performer — Beslan Shavanov, who was killed during the arrest. This version was contradicted recognition, data Dadaev. After questioning Dadaeva, the head of Chechnya Ramzan Kadyrov in his Instagram published a post in which called him “a true patriot” and expressed doubts about his involvement in the murder of Nemtsov.
27 July 2016, it became known that the murder policy will be considered by a jury. The first meeting was held on 3 and 4 October 2016. None of the five accused pleaded not guilty. Protection made a statement about the falsification of examination and substitution of cartridges found at the scene. Also, the defense insisted on the exclusion from the case records from surveillance cameras, because, according to the lawyer, “in the case there is no examination for the presence of installation”, and Nemtsov and Duritskaya in the video are recognizable with difficulty.
The court questioned Dmitry Petukhov, the personal driver of the slain politician. Cocks said that he had not noticed the surveillance and threats, and in the day of the attack the Germans were in a good mood. The Chairman of PARNAS Ilya Yashin said that the threat Nemtsov and his family came regularly and policies sought help and protection from law enforcement.
One of the prosecution witnesses — a maid Zarina Isaeva defendants — said the phone threats from an unknown person with a Caucasian accent. The prosecution was informed about the disappearance of his witness — Sergei Budnikova, a snowplow driver passing in the vicinity of the murder scene at the time of the crime.
February 15, 2017, the lawyer of one of defendants from the car stole the folder with the materials in the case. According to him, it will create some obstacles for the proceedings, since the materials have to collect again.
Officially the investigation was inconclusive as to why the murder of Boris Nemtsov. There are several versions.
The first version was voiced by the main defendant in the case, Zaur Dadaev. He said that the reason were numerous negative statements policy against Islam and Muslims; in particular, his public endorsement of the cartoons of the magazine Charlie Hebdo in 2015. However, the investigation recognized this version untenable, because, according to the evidence, preparation for murder began in September 2014.
Another version, which develops a consequence, put under suspicion of relatives and possible heirs the status of Nemtsov. After questioning all involved and witnesses she has not received development.
Also the Investigative Committee checked other versions, for example, “associated with commercial activities Nemtsov and personal hostility to him.”
14 Dec 2015 the Chairman of the party PARNAS Ilya Yashin has published an open letter, Ramzan Kadyrov, in which he stated that “traces of the massacre of my friend are straight to the official offices of the terrible.”
Nemtsov himself for some time before the murder, stated that his actions and statements bring the power of a strong discomfort that the level of danger for him will grow, and President Putin “finally chose a policy of repression and terror.”
According to another version, the death of Nemtsov could be beneficial to the opposition and the immediate environment of the politician. The press Secretary of the President Dmitry Peskov called Nemtsov’s killing a “provocation”: “against the background of various, shall we say, activities that the opposition is planning in the coming days, amid generally so emotional, intense situation that we have in connection with the events in Ukraine, of course, this may look like a provocation.” A spokesman for the Investigative Committee Vladimir Markin said that the murder could be committed “to destabilize the political situation in the country, and the figure of Nemtsov could have become a kind of sacred victim for those who do not shun any means to achieve their political goals.” The term “sacred sacrifice” for the first time said Putin on 29 February 2012: “They’ve just spent ten years trying to apply it… Just telling you that. This I know. Even looking for a so-called sacrificial victim from among some notable people. Do “kill” excuse, and then will power is to blame”.
Mikhail Kasyanov, Chairman of the party PARNAS: “It’s chaos beyond imagination. 50 meters from the Kremlin wall is my friend Boris Nemtsov. Russia has come to a situation where people are being killed near the Kremlin. It’s a shock, how could Russia have come to this.”
Ilya Yashin, an opposition politician: “Boris regularly received threats, but did not attach any importance to this. I want to stress that Boris recently actively worked on the report “Putin. War”, according to him, was evidence of Russian military involvement in the hostilities in Ukraine. This is a political murder that has been carefully planted in nature.”
Mikhail Khodorkovsky former owner of Yukos: “the Death of Boris — grief for me and my family. We all loved him. Reckless, but very good guy.”
Gennady Gudkov, former state Duma Deputy: “We [son, Deputy of the state Duma] Dimitri [Gudkov] and the whole family was just in shock, not able to recover from this terrible news about the murder of our comrade. It’s just a nightmare!”
Ella Pamfilova, Commissioner for human rights in Russia: “the People who planned and carried out the murder — vile and cynical villains. But they will be rewarded for their act. It’s not just a shot in the back Nemtsov. This is a shot in the back of Russia”.
Ramzan Kadyrov, head of Chechnya: “Observing the course of events that followed the tragic death of Boris Nemtsov, there is a view that most in his death could be interested are the ones who today have made it their banner. Before nobody cared before this game, before the so-called activists. Now they blame the incident on everyone and everything. They say absurd things, supposedly the Germans bothered me that we were at enmity etc. Between Nemtsov and Akhmad (Kadyrov, the first President of Chechnya and father of Ramzan Kadyrov. — ), Nemtsov and I have never had personal enmity or animosity.”
In 2016 in Moscow held a March in memory of Boris Nemtsov. The procession proceeded from Passionate Boulevard to Sakharov Avenue. According to the Metropolitan police, the rally was attended by 7.5 thousand people. Organization “White counter”, which deals with the counting of the people participating in the rallies, told the correspondent of the more than 24 thousand people on the March. 26 Feb the action took place on the same route.
The text was prepared with the participation of Anna Kim and Igor Krivitsky