The annexation of Crimea to Russia, 43% of Russians named the main historical event that causes them a sense of pride, according to a study by the Levada center. This answer first appeared on the second place in the ranking of historical events of which we are proud citizens of Russia, shifting from this position, the answer is “the leading country’s role in space exploration” (now 41%, the third place in the rating).
The majority of Russians (83%), the main historical event that causes them a sense of pride, still believes the victory in the great Patriotic war. This answer ranked first in a similar survey research center since 1999.
A third of Russians — 36% proud Russian literature, almost as many — 35% believe a cause for pride “the transformation of the country in Soviet times, one of the leading industrial powers in the world.” Achievements of Russian science inspire pride in 32% of the respondents.
Among other reasons to be proud of respondents chose “the glory of Russian arms” (26%) and “moral qualities of the Russian people — simplicity, patience, persistence” (23%).
About “the great Russian travelers and pioneers” remembered in this context that 19% of respondents, while another 18% said they are proud of the stabilization of the country and the growth of the economy under President Vladimir Putin.
Meanwhile, 54% of respondents said that the economic situation of the country gives them a sense of shame and grief. Every third worries about the collapse of the USSR (33%) and every fourth — because of the “coarseness of manners, rudeness, disrespect of people to each other” (24%).
Among other events of the XX century, causing shame and chagrin, the Russians called repression and terror in the first half of the century (22%), chronic lag behind the West (20%), restructuring (18%). Another 14% stated that the feeling of shame to them, cause “our indolence, inertia, laziness” (14%), and every tenth Russian to be ashamed of “limited, incompetent, self-serving power” and persecution of the Church (11%).
The poll was held 20-23 January among 1,600 people in 137 localities of the 48 regions of Russia. Respondents were asked to choose from a few ready-made answers.