The overall style
From July 2016 and February 2017, the Kremlin replaced the ten chapters of the regions. Experts of Fund “the Petersburg policy” in the February rankings (report available) has summed up the results of their activities and called the General trends in the work of the new appointees.
According to political analysts, all new heads of regions — in addition to the acting Governor of the Republic of Adygea Murat Kumpilov — receive strong support from the Federal center (for seven of them the scientists in the report praised it as “high”) and actively serve in the national media. However, both associated with “novonaznachennyj” politicians on the posts, said the head of the “Petersburg policy” Michael Vinogradov. “There is a desire to more publicity, which is quite natural — up to the election a little time (but the knowledge is accumulated in today’s Russian realities are very slow)”, — said the analyst.
“Also none of them had public trampling the experience of the predecessor”, — said the expert. In all regions where governors were replaced, the power ratings were more or less low, so one of the tasks of the heads of regions to get rid of negative assessment of the work of the former governors, said the source . Thus, in Ryazan region the new acting head Nikolai Lyubimov decided to keep the former Governor, Oleg Kovalev, as a counselor, but this is the exception to the rule, said Vinogradov.
Besides, had not so actively been building bridges with the same opponents — this is especially noticeable in the Karelia and Novgorod, the expert continued. The establishment of relations of the regional authorities with the opposition of local elites is “persistently, but without recognition of its weakness”.
At the same time, said the analyst, it is difficult to talk about the major common trends in the work of the new acting: from the time of their appointments, too little time has passed (last, Arthur Parfenchikov was appointed head of Karelia February 15). Yet, according to experts, the new governors unite rather technical, minor points: for example, they since appointment time to meet with representatives of power structures and the Russian Orthodox Church. “It was obvious that they [the governors] the task is to build bridges with religion, a large part went to chat with the metropolitans, and [the head of Buryatia Alexey] Tsydenov, where the religious situation is most complex, with three main groups: Orthodox, old believers and Buddhists,” — said Vinogradov.
According to the authors of the report, it is best to adapt to the agenda of his region managed the acting Governor of Karelia, the former head of the Federal bailiff service Arthur Parfenchikov and the new head of the Perm edge Maxim Reshetnikov. “While they both use a replacement effect in comparison with the relatively unpopular predecessors,” stated the authors of the rating.
Rating of regions
The change of Governor, even expected, is always a stress for the local government, say political analysts. Therefore, in all regions where recent months have replaced the heads, lower assessment of the political and socio-economic sustainability. The least affected of the Perm Krai (minus 0.2 points), the new acting which, Maxim Reshetnikov, is a native of the region and has long worked in the local administration. Also not greatly decreased resilience of Karelia: it fell by only 0.3 points. This is most likely due to the fact that the place of the head of the region, the Kremlin appointed “the figure represents the absorption in the Republican perspective and clarity to local elites.” Parfenchikov comes from Karelia.
In other regions, the resistance of which decreased by 0.5 points, the leaders were “unfamiliar” local community person.
Overall five of the ten regions, where recently there was a change of governors, the experts identified areas with weak sustainability (Kirov and Ryazan oblast, Perm Krai, Buryatia and Karelia). In three regions, the political and socio-economic sustainability is assessed as low (Yaroslavl, Kaliningrad and Novgorod regions). Adygea political scientists have considered a region with high resistance. Sevastopol was not included into the rating.
Friendship with the opposition
Although the establishment of contacts with local elites, apparently, a common problem for new heads of regions most actively work with them Andrey Nikitin, Artur Parfenchikov. Acting Novgorod region had held several events with the mayor of Veliky Novgorod Yuri Bobryshev, who had been “in a protracted confrontation” with the former regional administration.
Parfenchikov, in turn, in an interview with TASS said that does not preclude the appointment of ex-mayor of Petrozavodsk Galina Chisinau, which is in conflict with the city Council and was removed from office by former Governor Khudilainen, Chairman of the Public expert Council under the government of the region.
However, those appointees who were appointed before, relations with local elites, has not yet formed. According to political scientist Rostislav Turovsky, most of them are too reliant on Federal support. “Sometimes one gets the feeling that they [new governors] felt the support of the Kremlin and national media and do not pay [local elites] much attention — said Turovsky. — Therefore, a certain political isolation of many of these people persists.”
According to him, in isolation remain the acting Governor of the Kaliningrad region Anton Alikhanov, head of the Kirov region, Igor Vasiliev, the acting Governor of Sevastopol Dmitry Ovsyannikov and the acting head of the Yaroslavl region Dmitry Mironov. “While they still did not have a definite vivid and attractive image. Not to say that someone from the governors has its own individual program,” added the analyst.