On reducing citizens ‘ trust in Federal, regional and local authorities according to the study “Confidence in public institutions and strategies of economic behavior of citizens”, which was conducted by the Center for sociological research at the Russian Academy of national economy in the framework of the “Eurobarometer in Russia” (document available). The study’s authors — Director of the Center for sociological research of the Ranepa Viktor Vakhshtein and Pavel Stepantsov, senior researcher, Centre for sociological research, Ranepa.
To the greatest extent, decreased confidence in the government: from 79.8% in early 2015 to 59.4% in early 2016. Seriously dropped the confidence of citizens in municipal (from 64.9% to 46,8%) and regional parliaments (from 68% to 51.3%), the heads of regions (from 72.8% to 58.6%). The level of trust to the President and the Prosecutor’s office and police declined slightly: to the President — of 91.7% and 87.5%, security officials — from 61.2 per cent to 57.3%.
The economically active population groups are the least trusted authorities. First and foremost, it is the citizens who are engaged in business activities or planning to open a business in the near future. Sociologists attribute the distrust of state institutions to the situation of economic uncertainty.
Experts identify two main models of adaptation to economic hardship: “active” (search for extra source of income) and passive (reducing costs). Supporters of the active adaptation strategies to economic difficulties in Russia, more (47% in the autumn and winter of 2016 to 35% of the adepts passive strategy), which is exactly the opposite of the situation of autumn-winter 2014. This is because over the last two years 15% increase in the number of people who believe that they may soon lose his job, explained in Ranepa. Therefore, citizens are looking for extra money now.
Economically active people tend to rely not only on themselves but also on their environment, and have a large number of active social contacts, experts said. Among those who have more than 100 contacts, number of economically active people above 2.5 times. Such respondents rely on themselves and on “the circle”, but do not count on the support of the government and do not trust formal institutions.