France held second televised debate of candidates in presidents of France. On Tuesday, March 4, broadcast by French channel BFMTV first met all 11 candidates in the presidential race. Five candidates — the candidate of the ruling Socialist party, Benoit Hamon, former Prime Minister and candidate of the party “the Republicans” françois Fillon, leader of the far-right National front, marine Le Pen, a former economy Minister and founder of the movement “Forward” Emmanuel macron and Jean-Luc Mélenchon, candidate of the main ultra-left forces have already participated in a televised debate on March 20.
These five candidates representing essentially the entire political spectrum, are the main contenders for the French presidency. According to a recent survey from pollsters Ifop, on 4 April, the popularity of each of them at least more than 10%, the sum of these five candidates represent 93% of the electorate.
They were joined by six of the least popular, according to polls, politicians: françois Asselin, Chairman of the party “people’s Republican Union,” Nicolas DuPont-Aignan, the leader of the party “Wake Up, France”, Deputy of the centrist Jean LaSalle, Philip Harris, the leader of the “New anti-capitalist party,” Jacques sheminad from the party “Solidarity and progress”, the candidate from the extreme left party “working struggle” Natalie responded.
The debate lasted four hours. During the discussion, everyone had to answer three questions: “How to create jobs?”, “How to protect the French?” and “How to implement an applicant’s social model?”.
According to the communications Agency Elabe, which interviewed 1024 people, victory in the debates won levoradikal Mélenchon with a score of 25%. The next degree of credibility to the respondents, the ex-Minister of Makron (21% support). It is followed by Fillon (15%), Le Pen (11%) and Amon (9%) — all representatives of the first five candidates from the leading political forces.
Defending the Motherland
The presidential candidates talked about the global terrorist threat, taking into account the situation in the world: the terrorist attacks in London and St. Petersburg.
For example, the candidate of Amon, known for his criticism of Moscow’s policy, stressed that “even in a country like Russia, where fundamental rights and freedoms of citizens are limited more than in France,” there was a terrorist attack. In his opinion, there is no universal recipe for fighting terrorism. Amon proposed to increase spending on the country’s armed forces and security.
Mélenchon stressed that in the face of threats need to preserve the unity and called for the punishment of “collaborators” of the terrorists. Macron said that to protect a French military intervention will be necessary, although it is not certain that the military intervention of France in Syria is vital. Macron also stated that the new President first of all will need to provide security on the territory of France, in particular, cyber security.
Candidates from right-wing forces acted with more tough rhetoric. Le Pen called on France to “University of Jihad”, stressing that terrorism can’t be prevented, if the French border is not protected. Fillon in the debate said France will have to deal with totalitarianism, “though it will be a long war.” He promised that he will not allow the terrorists to return to France, and those who would arouse suspicion, will have to be deported.
Philip Harris, the leader of the “New anti-capitalist party”, called for an end to the military intervention of France in the middle East and in Iraq and to stop the sale of arms to Qatar and Saudi Arabia, which, in his opinion, are funding terrorism. Francois Asselin, Chairman of the party “people’s Republican Union”, stands in his election campaign for the release of France to NATO and the EU. In order to effectively combat terrorism, he called for an end to “complacency of France to the UAE,” which, in his opinion, also funding terrorism.
The Deputy-centrist Jean LaSalle, which in the course of his election campaign visited Syria and met with President Bashar al-Assad, stressed the need for dialogue with official Damascus and called for the withdrawal of French military forces from the Middle East.
Jacques sheminad from the party “Solidarity and progress” are reminded of the need to combat illicit trafficking of arms, drugs and oil in order to neutralize ISIS (banned terrorist groups). The candidate from the extreme left party “working struggle” Natali Arto said that it is impossible to draw Parallels between terrorists, migrants and Muslims, as does Le Pen and Fillon. According to Arto, all because of “the intervention of the imperialists”, which needs to end.
Speaking about the creation of jobs in France, presidential candidates raised the issue of the country’s membership in the EU. Leaders of right-wing and left-wing radicals of France, Le Pen and Mélenchon support the idea of withdrawal from the EU — the so-called Frexit (similar to Brexit). Macron, Fillon and Amon, on the contrary, I think it is important the membership of France in the European Union. For example, Fillon noted that France needs Europe for confrontation with the US and China, and the European single currency can compete with the us dollar and the Chinese yuan.
Socialist Amon also called for further cooperation with Europe. In response, Le Pen proposed to organize in France a national referendum on EU membership, like the one that held the UK in June 2016.
The first round of elections in France will take place on April 23. 19 days before the vote, a third of the population of France has not yet decided for whom to vote in elections, so candidates ‘ TV debates — a way to convince undecided voters with the candidate. Five major candidates have already held a debate on 20 March. Then Le Pen and Fillon expressed concern for lack of all the declared candidates.
The second round of elections will be held on 7 may. Then determine the future President of France: according to the survey, none of the candidates are not able to win more than half of the votes to win in the first round. According to Ifop April 4, in the second round out of Makron and Le Pen’s support both now stands at 25%.