The speaker of the Federation Council Valentina Matvienko, the senators and the deputies submitted to the State Duma a draft law on the appointment April 19, a new memorable date — the date of adoption of the Crimea, Taman and Kuban in the Russian Empire. About it reports a press-service of the upper house of Parliament.
One of the authors of the bill, the Senator from Crimea Sergey Tsekov said that the signing of the 19 April (8 April, old style) 1783 Catherine II Manifesto on making the Crimean Peninsula part of the Russian Empire “at the request of its inhabitants, suffering from raids and wars, has become a legitimate form of joining of Crimea in structure of Russia”. According to him, this is a key event in the history of the country and of the Peninsula.
He stressed that the Manifesto speaks about the patronage and protection of the allusion to the seizure of the Crimea there.
“The fact that prior to the adoption of the Manifesto of Crimea had a long-standing historical ties with Russia and was the cradle of Russian Orthodoxy, the Slavic writing and culture”, — said the Senator.
According to Tsekov, not knowing of these events, it is difficult to imagine the course of history, including “reasons for rejection of the Crimea contradicts the Constitution of the USSR the decision on transfer of Crimea to Ukraine in 1954”. He added that the date April 19 is celebrated annually on the Peninsula since 1996 at the initiative of the Russian community.
In the XV–XVIII centuries on the territory of the Crimean Peninsula there was an independent khanate, formed as a result of the collapse of the Golden Horde. Most of this time the Crimean khanate was a vassal of the Ottoman Empire, and some areas of the Peninsula is directly governed by the Turkish administration. After the Russo-Turkish war of 1768-1774 the Crimea under the terms of the Treaty of Kucuk Kaynarca world became independent, the Ottoman Empire undertook to withdraw from Crimea with their troops and not to interfere in the Affairs of the khanate. Russia in turn declared intention to “leave all the Tartars in total liberty and independence,” and gave the khanate all won from the Turks of the land, retaining, however, the Kerch, which was the first Russian property in the Crimea.
In 1776 the Khan in the Crimea became a protege of the Russian Empire Shahin Giray. In the years of his reign he tried to reform, however, after a series of insurrections, to suppress which had managed only with the help of Russian troops, he abdicated.
8 APR 1783 (April 19, new style), Catherine II issued a Manifesto according to which Crimea, Kuban and Taman became Russian possessions. In 1791 Jassy peace Treaty, the Ottoman Empire recognized the Crimea to Russian ownership.