The effect of a bomb
On the evening of 13 April, the U.S. military dropped “largest non-nuclear bomb” on the position of the banned terrorist movement “Islamic state” in Afghanistan in Nangarhar province, Achin district. From strike killed at least 36 militants, said on 14 April bi-Bi-si with reference to the Afghan authorities. Managed to destroy three underground tunnels, weapons and ammunition, said the TV channel CNN.
“The purpose of the strike was a system of tunnels and caves that fighters of “the Islamic state” used to move freely,” — said the press Secretary of the White house Sean Spicer in a press briefing on April 13. The free movement allowed them to threaten military advisers, U.S. and Afghan forces in the area, said Spicer. The U.S. takes seriously the fight against ISIS, they must be deprived of the operational space, and that was done, added the spokesman.
The bomb cost $16 million was used for the first time, to the delivery used the MS-130.
Test the “mother of all bombs” in 2003 Video: Twitter / U. S. Air Force
“Mother of all bombs”
The bomb GBU-43/B Massive Ordnance Air Blast Bomb (MOAB) in a military environment, also known as Mother of All Bombs (“mother of all bombs”).
The bomb has a length of 9.17 m, a diameter of 102.9 cm and a weight of 9.5 tonnes, of which 8,4 falls on an explosive mixture of RDX, TNT and aluminum powder (more powerful than TNT almost 1.5 times). Equipped with a satellite system and inertial navigation. The force of the explosion is 11 tons of TNT, the blast radius of about 140 m, a partial collapse occurs at a distance of 1.5 km from the epicenter.
Was first tested on 11 March 2003 at the site, located at a military air base Eglin in Florida. The second test was the same, 21 November 2003. In addition to the two test units is known about the production of 15 units in 2003. To date, none of them were used.
Afghan strategy trump
“We have the best military in the world, and they have done their work”, — said the President of the United States Donald trump after impact. During the election campaign and after it, he almost did not comment on the situation in Afghanistan, said the British newspaper the Guardian.
“Trump got a taste of war”: the Western media about the US attack in Afghanistan
The U.S. military in Afghanistan since 2001. With IG they are actively engaged in 2015, it involved American soldiers of the special forces battalion of the regiment of Rangers and “green berets”, reminds The New York Times. Apply and air strikes. The previous President Barack Obama has been a supporter of reducing the level of American presence in Afghanistan. Currently, according to The Washington Post, there are 8 500 us military and 7,000 from NATO countries.
The bomb GBU-43, which the US used to attack Afghanistan
Photo: US Air Force / ZUMA / TASS
They are opposed to the Taliban, which controls almost half of the populated areas of Afghanistan, ISIS, present in 11 of the 34 provinces of the country and other groupings.
Afghan strategy President Trump will only develop, write both publications. Whatever strategy trump the unpredictability guaranteed, warned in January this year, Gailey Lemmon from the American Council on foreign relations. April 12, trump reported that in the near future in Afghanistan will head his national security Advisor Herbert McMaster.
People trump: who influences the decisions of the President of the United States
Kick trump has already attracted criticism from the former President of Afghanistan Hamid Karzai. “This is not a war on terror, and inhuman and cruel to use as a testing ground for new and dangerous weapons,” he wrote on Twitter, the former President, who held the post from 2001 to 2014.
The office of the current President Ashraf Ghani released a statement in which he repeated the words of press Secretary of the White house Sean Spicer that had done everything necessary in order to reduce the risk to innocent people when hitting.
The attack on Afghanistan was done a week after the missile strike, the U.S. air force base Syria Shirt and during ongoing discussions about what will be U.S. reaction to the situation around the nuclear program of North Korea. “I don’t know if it sends (attack on Afghanistan) signal. It does not matter. North Korea is a problem. With the problem will understand,” said trump Thursday, April 13.
“The attack on Afghanistan is propaganda, this show, it is no coincidence that the American media show the video of the testing of the bomb and declare that it was designed for ideological operations in Iraq,” — said the expert on Afghanistan and Central Asia Arkady Dubnov. He drew attention to the fact that the Afghan press and the Taliban have long reported casualties, the Taliban issued a statement in which he called the campaign of propaganda and see it as a preparation for the struggle against them, says Dubnov. According to experts, a blow was struck at mount Mamund, and there are no tunnels, no caves.
ISIS in Afghanistan
On the number and ethnic composition of the terrorist organization “Islamic state” (IG, is prohibited in Russia, recognized as a terrorist) there is no accurate and reliable data. In 2014, one of the Kurdish politicians to evaluate the total number of its fighters 200 thousand people and more. The Minister of defence of Russia Sergey Shoigu in December 2015, said about 60 thousand people. In April 2016, the GRU stated that in Syria and Iraq for ISIS fight about 33 thousand people. In December 2016, the US administration estimated the total number of militants of the organization in Syria and Iraq in 12-15 thousand people.
At the end of the 2014 special presidential envoy for Afghanistan Zamir Kabulov said that the Afghan borders with Tajikistan and Turkmenistan created two bridgeheads, where a total of 6-7 thousand militants.
In February 2017 Kabulov said that there is information about the location for about 1 thousand militants in the northwestern Afghan provinces near the Turkmen border. The total number of militants in Afghanistan is estimated at 3.5 thousand people.
In February 2017 the information appeared that some of the Taliban moved into the IG and call themselves “soldiers of the Islamic state, Khorasan”.
8 February 2017 was an attack of militants on
employees of the red cross in Afghanistan. Six people were killed. 18 February 2017 as a result of the detonation of an explosive device killed 18 Afghan military. Representatives of ISIS has claimed responsibility for this attack. In March 2017 was an attack on the main military hospital in Kabul located near the us Embassy. One person was killed, 54 wounded. Responsibility for the attack was claimed by ISIS.
The strike coincided with talks in Moscow, the expert notes: the USA is showing that Russia and her allies do not need them for the pacification of Afghanistan that they can handle this themselves, but the experience of 15 years of US presence in the country suggests otherwise. The talks will be held in Moscow on 14 April at the level of Deputy foreign Ministers, will take part the representatives of Russia, Afghanistan, Pakistan, China, Iran and India. The United States were invited to participate, but on Thursday evening Washington reiterated his position that his representatives in Moscow will not come.
“The attack on Afghanistan is embedded in a line of recent foreign policy actions of the U.S. with the purpose of “power positioning” America strikes in Syria, the escalation in the South China sea. They are aimed at strengthening the image of trump as a more decisive leader than Obama, as evidenced by references to its predecessor (of course, not in his favor) by trump during a recent interview,” — said the expert of the Russian Council on international Affairs Maxim Suchkov.
After attack on Syria, interviewed experts pointed out that decisive steps trump pushing failures in domestic policy. After the attack on Syria the US President rating strengthened: according to the Gallup survey, the proportion satisfied with the activities of the President of the United States at the end of March was 35%, a poll by CBS News on April 10 showed that trump’s support 43% of respondents.
On this scenario, warned the forecast for the development of international relations in 2017, the experts of the Agency “Foreign policy”. They pointed out that if the economic program, trump will fail, the US will intensify political struggles and the President can try to compensate for their weakness on the domestic front, the offensive on the external American war machine turns on at full power in the middle East, and the buildup of forces in Asia and the accusations of dumping will sharply worsen U.S.-China relations.