After processing 99.9% of the ballots on the constitutional referendum in Turkey are leading supporters of the transition to a presidential system of government. According to Anadolu Agency, the constitutional reform supported 51,23% of the referendum participants.
20:30 GMT opponents of amending the Constitution are gaining 48,77% of the vote. The largest Turkish cities such as Istanbul, Ankara and Izmir, voted against the reform. Amendments to the Constitution did not support Turks living in Russia (73,46% against), the UK (81,84% against) and the USA (84,99% against). At the same time, Turkish citizens living in the countries of Central Europe, including Germany and Austria, called for a presidential Republic.
The percentage in favour of the reform gradually decreased as the counting of votes. So, at the end of treatment 24% of the ballots, supporters of the change the form of government gained 63.4 per cent, after processing 42% of the ballots — of 59.0%. In the voting took part almost 47.5 million people, while the right to participate in the referendum had about 55 million Turkish citizens. The difference between the expressed “for” and “against” the reforms amounted to 1.1 million votes.
One of the leaders of the opposition Republican people’s party of Turkey Erdal Aksugur already accused the authorities of manipulating the counting of votes. He referred to the data of observers which indicate that on the referendum in the lead opponents of constitutional reform. According to Ascurra, 60% of the ballots require recalculation.
Package of 18 amendments to the Constitution of Turkey invited the President of the country Recep Tayyip Erdogan. In January 2017 he was approved by the Turkish Parliament. The proposed amendments greatly expand presidential powers and abolishes the post of Prime Minister, who now holds Binali Yildirim.
If the reform is adopted, the President will acquire the right personally to appoint Ministers, to present a budget to nominate the majority of the judges of the higher courts and to issue decrees which will have the status of laws. In addition, the President can declare a state of emergency and dissolve Parliament.
The current Constitution of Turkey was adopted in 1982. In 2007 the referendum was adopted the package of amendments according to which the presidential election has become direct. They first took place in 2014, the victory was won by Erdogan, who was at that time the post of Prime Minister.