Deputies of the state Duma from “Fair Russia”, headed by its leader Sergey Mironov has prepared a draft law simplifying the acquisition of Russian citizenship and a residence permit in Russia for “Russian speakers” from Ukraine and other CIS countries. The document is available . On Tuesday, April 25, was introduced in the lower house of Parliament.
The bill proposes to amend the law “On legal status of foreign citizens”. “Fair Russia” wants to simplify the procedure of receiving a Russian passport or a residence permit: it does not have to provide documents confirming that the foreigner from his former citizenship refused. “The renunciation of foreign citizenship not required if it is stipulated by an international Treaty of the Russian Federation [or] if the renunciation of foreign citizenship is impossible,” suggest the authors.
Members “Fair Russia” do not hide that it is first and foremost about Ukraine and its inhabitants of the Eastern regions. “For example, for persons wanting to get out of the Ukrainian citizenship law of Ukraine defined the procedure [including] the adoption and signature by the President of Ukraine decree on renunciation of citizenship with the subsequent issuance of an appropriate certificate”, — stated in the explanatory Memorandum.
MPs also want to give the Russian government the right to define the list of countries for which may be administered by a “special procedure in case of recognition of their [citizens] Russian native speakers”. The project concept was supported by the Minister of foreign Affairs Sergey Lavrov, the document says. Previously, the initiative was not discussed with either the leadership of the house nor the Kremlin, said a source in the faction. According to political analyst Igor Bunin, such a proposal is “making political points”. “Mironov suggests that either he or someone from “Fair Russia” will participate in the presidential elections, and he needs to earn the rating”, — the expert said in a conversation with . For the Kremlin, according to Bunin, the question of accession the same DNR and LC remains controversial. “On the one hand, there is an understanding that we need to get out of international isolation, on the other — it is a pity the effort,” he concludes.
This is not the first such initiative in the state Duma in the end of 2016, a group of deputies, including members of the “United Russia” Konstantin Zatulin and Natalia Poklonskaya, has introduced a bill that allows you to obtain citizenship by “right of soil” — the fact of birth of the applicant or his direct relatives on the territory of Russia, the former USSR or the Russian Empire. The document is still not considered the profile of the Duma Committee on legislation. As reported a source in the Committee, the prospect of adoption of the initiative Poklonskaya–Zatulin is questionable, since the current legislation has enough norms governing the rights of compatriots.
Has introduced a similar bill in the last convocation itself “Fair Russia”. However, he was rejected at the first reading because of “violation of the principle of equality of foreign citizens”. The bill was revised and expanded, said the source in the faction.
Sergei Mironov said in a conversation with that under the current Russian legislation “out of another nationality must be confirmed by a document issued by the competent authority of the state concerned. In practice, in some countries, for various reasons, refuse to issue such certificate. Especially often faced with this problem, the citizens of Ukraine”. Mironov stressed that against the idea of returning to the “law of the soil”, as suggested by Poklonskaya. “Implementation of this idea will result in uncontrolled immigration in Russia”, — said the MP.
In February 2016, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a decree recognizing passports of the breakaway Donetsk and Lugansk national republics. The document was signed “in order to protect the rights and freedoms of man and citizen, guided by the universally recognized principles and norms of international humanitarian law.”