Banks with Russian participation should be able to “calm and orderly” to leave Ukraine where they have no future, said in an interview to Ukrainian portal “Ministry of Finance” Deputy Chairman of the National Bank of Ukraine (NBU) Kateryna Rozhkova.
“Prospects of development of Russian banks is not here. It should be clear to all. But on the other hand, we, as a regulator, we believe that the exit from the market should be civilized. No bricks to lay is not necessary. Let the banks will be able to withdraw from the market quietly and without panic,” – said Rozhkov.
According to the Deputy Chairman of the NBU, the regulator has not yet received complete documents from customers “daughter” of Sberbank and plans to conduct all necessary verification within three months.
As for the other banks with Russian participation in respect of which the Ukrainian authorities had previously been sanctioned (Prominvestbank, VTB, and BM Bank VS Bank), then, according to Rozhkova, they already have potential buyers.
“Among themselves they do not intersect. But the official notification from any one of them we have. Perhaps in the process there is that something will change,” – said the Deputy Chairman of the NBU.
At the same time, she did not rule out that Russian banks will not be able to find buyers for their Ukrainian “daughters” and they will be forced to just settle with the clients and take the license.
“The question is to have enough liquid assets. All Russians, that’s all right,” said Rozhkov.
The day before, on April 26, VTB Bank CEO Andrei Kostin said that the official Kyiv, which first made necessary the withdrawal of Russian banks from Ukraine, now continues to put “spokes in the wheel and in the process of leaving from the market”.
In turn, the first Deputy Chairman of VTB, Vasily Titov, on Wednesday told reporters that the Bank already has offers to purchase its assets in the Ukraine, but so far they have VTB “not very satisfied”.
Titov stressed that “no sudden movements” VTB will not be taken not to harm the business and the customers who trust the Bank.
In mid-March 2017 in respect of five Ukrainian banks with Russian state capital — Sberbank, VTB, BM-Bank, Prominvestbank and VS Bank — the Ukrainian authorities imposed sanctions, which, inter alia, a ban on the withdrawal of funds outside the country.
Russian banks in Ukraine
In late January, the head of the National Bank of Ukraine Valeria Gontareva said in an interview with “New time” that the share of Russian banks in the Ukrainian market decreased “over the past few years” from 15 to 8%. According to Gontareva, the problems of banks with Russian capital appeared due to the fact that they actively lent Donetsk and Lugansk regions.
Now in Ukraine there are seven banks with Russian capital two Bank Sberbank (“Sberbank Ukraine” and PJSC “Vs Bank”), two of the VTB group (VTB Bank and BM Bank), HVB Ukraine (controlled by Vnesheconombank), alpha Bank (enters in “the alpha-Groups”) and Forward the Bank (shareholder of the Bank “Russian standard”).
Five of them — “Sberbank Ukraine”, VTB Bank, BM Bank, Prominvestbank, Alfa-Bank has reduced its assets, shows the report for the third quarter of 2016, according to IFRS. In particular, the savings Bank occupies in the Ukrainian banking system the fourth place in terms of assets (according to the website Banker.ua), has reduced them by nearly 9% from 51.8 billion to 47.2 billion. Alfa-Bank, occupying the fifth place, by 2.8% from 42.4 billion to 41.2 billion hryvnia. BM-Bank — 6.3% — from 3.2 billion to 3 billion. VTB Bank — by 19.1% — from 25.7 billion to 20.6 billion hryvnia.
The share of funds of natural persons in the banks with Russian capital decreased from 9.3% in early 2014 to 5.5% by 2016, the share of legal entities — from 8.3 to 3.3 percent, noted previously, the regulator.