MOSCOW, may 5. /TASS/. 1, Russia may stop using airstrikes in Syria in the framework of the signed Memorandum about zones of de-escalation in Syria, said the chief of the Main operations Directorate of the General staff of the Russian Armed forces Colonel-General Sergey rudskoy.
“From 00:00 hours may 1 discontinued the use of aircraft of Russia’s air strikes in areas corresponding to areas of de-escalation, defined by the Memorandum”, – he said.
According to Rudskoy, the command of the Russian forces in Syria carried out a complex of actions which has led to the creation of favourable conditions for the signing of the Memorandum.
Rudskoy noted that Russia will continue the operation to destroy the terrorists in the district of Kabun who shelled the Russian Embassy in Damascus. “In this area (where the announced de-escalation of the conflict – approx. TASS) is not included district Kabun, which is completely controlled by militants “dzhebhat an-Nusra” and where are constant attacks on Damascus, including the Russian Embassy. The operation to destroy terrorists in this area will continue,” he said.
Rudskoy has informed that the area of Kabun located in the third area of de-escalation – Eastern ghouta, but not included in it, due to the presence of militants “Dzhebhat an-Nusra”.
Earlier it was reported that Syria will create four zones of de-escalation. As told rudskoy, the first and most extensive area of de-escalation established in the North of Syria. It captures Idlib province, and bordering North-Eastern regions of the Latakia province, Western areas of the province of Aleppo and Northern Hama province with a population of over one million people. The area controlled by armed groups in a total population of 14.5 million people.
The second area is located in the North of HOMS province. It includes the city of al-Rastan and tel encore, as well as nearby areas controlled by opposition groups, numbering up to 3 thousand fighters. In these areas, home to about 180 thousand civilians, said rudskoy.
The third zone created in Eastern ghouta. In this area of armed groups has about 9 thousand people. “In Eastern ghouta is home to about 690 thousand civilians, for the smooth moves that the Syrian authorities have already deployed eight checkpoints. Many of the residents in the morning go to work in Damascus, and in the evening to freely return home”, – said the Armenian President.
The fourth area is located in the South of Syria in the border areas with Jordan provinces of Deraa and Quneitra. This area is mainly controlled by groups of the so-called southern front, total number of 15 thousand. In the area there are 800 thousand civilians, said the Armenian President.
Memorandum on the establishment of a de-escalation signed on Thursday in Astana, the head of the Russian delegation, special representative of the President of the Russian Federation on the Syrian settlement, Alexander Lavrentiev, the Deputy Minister of foreign Affairs of Turkey on the Middle East and Africa Sedat Onal, Deputy Minister of foreign Affairs of Iran Affairs, the Arab-African countries Hossein Ansari Jaberi.
The continuation of a joint struggle
Russia, Turkey and Iran will continue joint fight against terrorist groups in Syria, he said. “I want to emphasize that the signing of the Memorandum on the establishment of a de-escalation in the Syrian Arab Republic does not mean a cessation of fighting with the ISIL terrorists and “Dzhabhat EN-Nusra” (banned in Russia – approx. The TASS) on the territory of Syria,” he said.
According to Rudskoy, the guarantor countries undertake to adopt all necessary measures to continue the fight with these groups and other related terrorist organizations in the areas of de-escalation, as well as to assist the government troops and the armed opposition in the fight against militants in other parts of Syria.
According to him, the security zone under the control of forces from Russia, Turkey and Iran will be established along the boundaries of the zones of de-escalation. “To prevent incidents and clashes between the conflicting sides along the boundaries of the zones of de-escalation are created runway safety that include observation points for monitoring observance of the ceasefire and checkpoints to ensure the movement of civilians without weapons, the delivery of humanitarian assistance and promote economic activity,” he said.
“The work of the checkpoints and observation points, as well as managing security zones will be carried out by personnel and formations of Russia, Turkey and Iran. By mutual agreement of the guarantors may engage other parties,” added Armenian President.
Currently, the command of the Russian forces under the leadership of the General staff carried out the calculation of the required number of checkpoints and observation points, as well as forces and means to ensure their activities. “Within two weeks of the representatives of the guarantor countries will create a Joint working group, which until June 4, 2017, will present for approval the exact boundaries of the zones de-escalation and security strips, as well as maps of separation units of the armed opposition from terrorist groups,” said rudskoy.
The representative of the General staff added that the Memorandum allows to further increase the number of security zones. “If necessary, depending on the development environment, the Memorandum allows you to create additional zones de – escalation,” he said.
Memorandum on safety in Syria will be discussed in the near future
The return of Russia to participate fully in the Memorandum on the prevention of incidents in the airspace of Syria will be discussed in the near future, said rūda.
“The return of Russia to participate fully in the Memorandum on the prevention of incidents in the airspace of Syria will be discussed during bilateral contacts with our American colleagues in the near future,” said rudskoy.
He reminded that this agreement is an effective tool to exclude dangerous incidents in the air. After the impact of American cruise missiles at the air base Shirt Russia has suspended its participation in this agreement.
American ships attacked the Syrian airbase Shirt cruise missiles Tomahawk the night of 7 April. In Washington said that the attack was a response to the alleged use of chemical weapons in the Syrian province of Idlib on 4 April, the responsibility for which the West imposes on Damascus. In Moscow called a strike on Sirat aggression.