MOSCOW, may 5. /TASS/. The Ministry of communications of Russia has prepared the project of the “Digital economy of the Russian Federation” according to which is planned by 2025 to achieve a number of indicators that can significantly improve the quality of life of the population.
The program, which familiarized TASS, describes eight development areas: regulation, information infrastructure, research and development, personnel and education, information security, governance, smart cities and digital health.
Development of the digital economy, Russia is actively engaged for several years. The head of state Vladimir Putin in the message to the Federal Assembly has been given until 1 June 2017 to prepare the corresponding program of measures. Also approved the composition of the working group of the economic Council under the President in this direction.
The project of the “Digital economy” plan to submit to the government until may 11. And in June, the communications Ministry intends to present the program.
The blockchain and the Internet of things
The section “government regulation” involves the adoption of several laws, allowing the use of the blockchain (block chain technology, originally created for operations with cryptocurrency bitcoin) and Internet of things. “The adoption of legal acts providing for the use of technology decentralized registers and certificates of rights (the blockchain”, etc) in 2019″, – stated in the document.
That it is necessary to analyze the possible use of the blockchain in the field of public administration and economic management in Russia, said earlier the Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev. According to him, this technology will help to get rid of excessive bureaucratization of business.
Also, the Ministry expects to adopt in 2019 regulatory acts allowing to use the technology of the Internet of things and big data (big data). For example, big data allows you to process huge amounts of unstructured data and on their basis to build public transport or office hours.
In turn, the Internet of things, integrated into the industry, can greatly reduce the cost of repairing the equipment due to its ability to predict failure.
The Ministry also looks forward to 2025 to provide all settlements of Russia, in which there are more than 1 thousand people and broadband Internet access. The cost of the service will amount to only 0.05% of average monetary income per capita.
For example, now is the ratio of salaries and cost of Internet access is about 1%. Thus, according to Rosstat, the average monthly nominal accrued salary of employees of Russian companies in February 2017 $ 35,845 thousand rubles, and the cost of Internet access at the end of 2016, as estimated by analysts at TMT Consulting, amounted to 341 rouble.
Moreover, by 2020 the Federal government intends to reduce the cost of Internet 10 times to 0.1% of average income.
In remote villages it is planned to provide high-speed Internet by satellite or drone technology, but is also “accessible prices.”
5G network will be deployed by 2025 in cities ranging from 300 thousand inhabitants. At least eight cities with a population of over 1 million people 5G network should appear in 2020, by 2025, 15 cities.
By 2025, Russia will also achieve a share of 10% in the world market of storing and processing data, predicts the Ministry of communications.
Research and development
For research and development, the Ministry plans to 2018 to create at least 10 digital platforms and support mechanisms in order for educational institutions to prepare specialists of higher qualification in the field of contemporary digital technology.
According to the plans of the Ministry, in the years 2018-2025 will be formed post-graduate and master schools for each area “cross-cutting technologies” on the basis of leading universities and research organizations.
By 2025 in Russia will create at least 20 research centres of the largest global players in digital economy and launched at least 15 technology parks (and by 2020 they will be at least five).
HR and education
Subsection programs dedicated to human resources and education, involves the creation by 2019, an electronic database of the labor achievements of the Russians. “The share of working-age population with digital recording of a personal development trajectory in 2020 will be 10% by 2025 – 80%”, – follows from the document.
This electronic database will be able to use the citizens themselves and the organizations where they study or work. The system will have an open software interface to empower and basic services for information about the competency of the employee.
In education it is also planned innovation – 2019 as the thesis will be accepted startups. In addition, the project involves the increase in the number of graduates in the field of information technology. “The number of graduates of higher education professionals in the field of IT (will be) by 2020, and 60 thousand people by 2025 – 100 thousand people”, – is spoken in the program.
Russia expects to reach a new level in the field of cybersecurity, taking 10 th place by 2020 and the 8th place in 2025 in the ranking compiled on the basis of the index of cybersecurity International telecommunication Union. Russia is now in it’s 12th place.
Meanwhile, the Russian software (software) on cyber security should take its share of the Russian market, while Russian brands to become recognizable. So, the Ministry of communications plans to raise awareness of domestic brands IN cybersecurity to 50% by 2020, and the compatibility of the Russian national standards with international standards needs to reach over 50% by 2025.
For security purposes, and planned decline in the share of traffic through foreign servers, up to 5% by 2020 from the current 60% dependence on foreign servers will be reduced to 12 times.
The main shift that can occur in the public administration – is the transition of document in a digital format. Experts have long expressed the idea to abandon the paper, and Deputy Minister of communications and mass communications of the Russian Federation Alexey Sokolov stated that in the regulatory plan for the transition “to digital” everything is ready, the legislation no restrictions to move away from paper, no.
According to the draft program, the Ministry hopes by 2025 to increase the proportion of departmental and interdepartmental electronic document flow to 90%.
The draft programme envisages the creation of a common space of digital trust systems, which will be held identification data, workflow, flow of information and services electronically. By 2025, the share of services provided by the authorities in electronic form, should reach 80%, while 90% of citizens should be satisfied with the quality of e-services.
Intra-and interdepartmental exchange of electronic documents will apply a digital signature in 90% of cases, planning in the Ministry of communications (by 2020 the figure will be only at the 10% level).
By 2025, in 25 cities of Russia is planning to launch projects on the use of the unmanned public transport, integrated with the systems of organization of city traffic. And in 10 cities projects through the use of individual unmanned vehicles. In General, the level of Informatization of public transport in 2025 will reach 100%.
The projects for the automation of the Parking space will be launched in 10 cities in 2019.
By 2020 five Russian cities will be running projects on introduction of domestic or localized foreign software for transport modelling. By 2025, all of the projects in the field of transport modeling will be implemented using domestic.
Also, the Ministry expects the Russian real estate market significantly transformirovalsya after 2020: leases and purchase of housing will go online thanks to the blockchain, reducing the risk of fraud, and the construction becomes more efficient and budget.
Under the program, by 2022 the share of lease transactions and the purchase and sale of real estate in Russia, concluded in electronic form, should increase to 50% of the total. Now e-trade is quite rare.
It also aims to increase the transparency of construction, leasing and sale of real estate. To do this, by 2019, the landlords that rent an apartment through the electronic platform, you will receive a tax benefit, and integrity of participants in the electronic real estate transactions will be verified through special state information system.
In addition, the city authorities will carry out monitoring of satisfaction of the population, including through social networks. “50 cities carried out monitoring of public opinion and satisfaction of citizens using digital services analysis in social networks, groups, instant messengers and blogs at least once a week”, – stated in the program.
The draft programme provides for a significant shift in the quality of medical services. According to the document, by 2025, will create a digital health ecosystem that will ensure the availability of medical care at the place of treatment and increase the efficiency of use of human and information resources in the provision of medical services.
Until 2025, the Russians should provide “affordable health care in place that fulfils the criteria of timeliness, personalization, prevention, technology and security.” The very ecosystem of digital health should be established “through the transfer of innovative solutions in the medical organization and support of local start-UPS companies in this area.”
Already in 2018 will be developed and implemented services personal accounts of citizens and mobile applications, which integrate with a personal account on the portal of public services.
All initiatives to change Federal legislation for the regulation of the industry digital health, according to the draft program should be developed, discussed and submitted to the Federal Assembly until the end of 2018.
For the implementation of tasks in 2019-2020 will unite all the Russian medical organization to high speed Internet. Thus by 2020 the speed of 100 Mbps will be provided in 30% of hospitals, by 2025 – 100%. This speed is, for example, video streaming in HD format.
However, the document does not prescribe the methods and amounts of financing, limited only by the wording that “the implementation of the road map is financed from the Federal budget and extrabudgetary sources”.
Earlier, the head of the Ministry Nikolai Nikiforov said that Russia can be created a single Fund for the development of the digital economy. This is now in the industry there are a number of special fees: 1.2% of revenue that Telecom operators annually submit to the universal service Fund, the fee frequency, fee for the right of receiving frequencies at auctions. According to Nikiforov, “it is necessary in General to reconsider, perhaps, all these sources of funding need to be unified and to send a single Fund.”
In February 2017, was also created by the Russian Fund of development of information technology (FRIT), however, the Fund budget is not received. The Ministry of communications, who initiated the establishment of the Fund, spoke of the need to allocate the new structure of subsidies from the Federal budget in the amount of 5 billion rubles.