The Project “New Russia”
After the events in Ukraine in 2013-2014, on the territory of the Donetsk and Lugansk regions were declared Donetsk and Lugansk people’s Republic. In may 2014, it passed an unofficial referendum. After, according to the organizers, the majority of voters supported the independence of republics from Kiev, was formed by the governing bodies DND and LNR.
The Prosecutor General’s office of Ukraine recognized the DNI and LC terrorist organizations.
May 24, 2014, the day before the election of the President of Ukraine, in Donetsk Prime Minister DND Alexander Borodai and Chairman of the national Council LNR Alexey Karjakin has signed the document to merge in the “new Russia state”.
On behalf of the DNR document about the Association was signed by the Prime Minister of DNR Alexander Boroday, from LNR — the head of the Republic Alexey Karjakin.
— Donetsk Republic (dnrpress) may 24, 2014
According to the document, the self-proclaimed Republic maintained its independence.
Historically Novorossiya was called the Northern black sea region, which was annexed to the Russian Empire after the Russian-Turkish wars in the second half of the XVIII century. After the revolution, the land of new Russia was divided between the educated Ukrainian SSR and the Russian SFSR.
At the Congress in Donetsk was established the “United national front”, which was supposed to operate on the territory of the South-East of Ukraine and to unite the supporters of federalization.
“The Declaration provides that the DNI and LC as independent States in a Union on the basis of this joint Declaration. The Constitution of the Union of people’s republics scheduled to take three months after the adoption of the constitutions of the Donetsk national Republic and Lugansk national Republic. The Union of people’s republics are ready to consider proposals for membership of international unions, associations, associations”
The interests of new Russia in the Union was supposed to represent a political movement “Novorossiya”. He stated that the purpose of the Union — cooperation in economic, military and other fields.
“We do not recognize the President and Parliament of Ukraine. Donetsk and Luhansk people’s republics are independent States. This is my position. Therefore to recognize the government and the elected President, we will position only if they are willing to recognize the independence of the republics of Donbass. And second, they must immediately withdraw its troops beyond our people’s Republic and to cease all hostilities”.
The head of the people’s militia Donbass Paul Gubarev on his page on Facebook
The speaker of the Parliament of the Union of people’s republics has been selected Oleg Tsarev. The Union got its own Constitution in which the SSR was proclaimed a “democratic, confederal state of law that recognizes and protects the rights of citizens.”
Russia is the new Russia
The territory of the South-East of Ukraine were called new Russia during a straight line Vladimir Putin. “Another thing — the Central, East, South-East of Ukraine. I also now talked about this, about the new Russia, which, of course, with roots tied to the Russian government and it’s people with a little different mentality,” the President said, commenting on the situation in Ukraine.
The term “Novorossiya” in relation to the territories of the DNI and LC were made in the report of the Russian foreign Ministry on 25 September 2014, on the previous day the Minister of foreign Affairs Sergey Lavrov with U.S. Secretary of state John Kerry. “They discussed the situation in Ukraine in the context of efforts to achieve sustainable ceasefire in the South-East and direct dialogue between authorities in Kiev and the leadership of Novorossiya in the context of the implementation of the Minsk agreements by them based on peaceful initiatives of President of Russia V. V. Putin”, — the document says.
At the end of 2014, the Levada center conducted a survey “What is Russia?”. 46% of Russians responded that it was historically a region in the South of Russia, 25% — that is a historical term that today means nothing, 8% believe Novorossiya “is a myth invented in Moscow now”, and 21% of respondents were undecided.
31 may was approved as the official flag of new Russia — a dark red rectangular cloth with azure Saltire with a silver rim — modified flag of the Russian Navy. On 1 June he was posted in front of the Donetsk regional administration.
The project “new Russia” was supposed to cover nine regions of Ukraine — Kharkiv, Dnipropetrovsk, Donetsk, Lugansk, Zaporozhye, Kherson, Nikolaev, Odessa. According to the head of Gubarev, the division of regions was planned to carry out through a referendum. Despite their territorial claims, in fact, the leadership of new Russia since the proclamation only controlled part of the Lugansk and Donetsk region.
18 may 2015 in an interview with the newspaper “Evening Makeyevka” the foreign Minister DND Alexander Kofman announced the completion of the project “new Russia”. He attributed this reluctance in some regions to unite.
“With regard to the project “new Russia”… due to the fact that the explosion happened earlier than we planned because we could not keep the population at the rallies, ahead of rose and our supporters in other regions — Odessa and Kharkov. As a result, over 40 of our guys died in Odessa, many activists have been arrested in Kharkov, and the Republic, to be established in these regions, was beheaded. Therefore, the project “new Russia” is closed for some time — as long as all of these regions will grow a new political elite, capable to lead the movement. Well, we do not have the right to impose Kharkov, Zaporozhye, Odessa, your opinion.”
The speaker of the Parliament of new Russia Oleg Tsarev said that the project is frozen due to the fact that the creation of new Russia violates the Minsk agreement, signed by the leadership of the DPR and the LPR with Ukraine. He also added that the project could be resumed “if Kiev violates the declared truce, if there is a military escalation”.
The Project “Little Russia”
18 July 2017 the head of the DND Alexander Zakharchenko said about the establishment of the Ukraine with its capital in Donetsk.
“We are all gathered here to talk about the future. We offer a plan for reintegration of the country through the law and the Constitution. We need to build a new country where not forgotten the concept of conscience and honor. We offer the people of Ukraine a peaceful way out of the difficult situation, without war. This is our final offer, not only Ukrainians, but also to all countries that supported the civil war in the Donbass. I am convinced that we will do everything possible and impossible.”
According to Zakharchenko, in the structure of Ukraine consists of 19 regions of the former Ukraine (excepting Crimea). The claimed territory of the new state may be about 577 thousand sq. km.
Flag of the proclaimed state Zakharchenko called the flag of Bohdan Khmelnytsky.
Ruthenia declared a Federal state with broad autonomy of the regions. Administered by the Central government, the Federal budget, army, secret services, customs, the Central Bank, the tax police, ecological situation, as well as basic standards of education and medicine. Zakharchenko said that the adoption of the new Constitution throughout the territory of the proclaimed state proposes to impose a state of emergency for a period up to three years.
The principles and objectives
In the preparation of the Constitution is proposed based on the principle of military neutrality, traditional values, “which are based on the Orthodox picture of the world”, the equal rights of traditional religions.
As a principle it is proposed to use the rejection of raising the retirement age, freezing and a possible reduction in utility tariffs. In the case of approval of the European Union are encouraged to save in 2017 visa-free regime.
Little Russia, on the idea of the drafters of the Constitution act, should be the economic “bridge” between “East and West, North and South,” to renew membership in the CIS, to take a course to join the Union state of Russia and Belarus, and to cooperate with the EEU. In key industries is expected to create a state concern.
The little Russian province was created in the Russian Empire in 1764, after the liquidation of Hetman. In the years 1765-1773 administrative center of the province was the city of Hlukhiv, then the center was briefly moved to Kozelets, and 1775 in Kiev. However, already in 1781 the little Russian province was divided into Novgorod-Seversky, Chernigov and Kiev province.
In 1796, the little Russian province was recreated, and this time it included not only the territory of three governorships, but also the surroundings of Poltava and Kremenchug. At the same time from the province was withdrawn Kiev, whose place as provincial center took Chernigov.
In 1802, the little Russian province was divided into Chernihiv and Poltava provinces included in the little Russian General governorship, which was later attached to Kharkiv province. The residence of the Governor-General to 1837 was Poltava, and from 1837 until the abolition of the governorship in 1856 — Kharkov.
After 1856, the name “little Russia” until 1917 semi-formal has been used to collectively refer Volyn, Kyiv, Podil, Kharkiv, Poltava and Chernihiv provinces.
Despite the fact that the message on the website “news Donetsk Republic” said that the decision on the establishment of the Ukraine, the authorities DND and LNR took together, LC has denied its involvement in the project. The Chairman of the National Council LNR Vladimir Degtyarenko said that the government of the breakaway Republic did not participate in the signing of the document. In addition, he added that he considers the creation of the Ukraine appropriate.
The President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko, commenting on the initiative Zakharchenko, said that little Russia will meet the same fate as the establishment of a new Russia. On his Twitter page there was a record of his speech, in which he talks about the desire of Russia to split Ukraine in half through the project “new Russia”.
“This project is completely closed. New army of Ukraine to stop Russian aggression. When I was elected President, the entire Ukraine was occupied by Russia. We liberated two thirds of the territory of Donbass, including Severodonetsk, Lisichansk, Kramatorsk, Slavyansk, Mariupol and many other cities. We destroyed the dream of Russia to new Russia”, — said Poroshenko.
Mehta Russie Bulo rozdelit Ukraine napl. So titles project “Novorosia” Bulo povnistyu failed pic.twitter.com/PEPd0opTqx
— Petro Poroshenko (@Poroshenko) on 18 July 2017
Two close to the presidential administration source told RBC that the idea Zakharchenko about the creation of the Ukraine was launched without coordination with the Kremlin.
Resonant statement by Alexander Zakharchenko
About the storming of Kiev
The self-proclaimed head of the DND Alexander Zakharchenko in October 2016 in the broadcast channel “Russia 1” said that the militia is ready to storm Kyiv. Commenting on these statements, the Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov acknowledged that “Russia has influence on the representatives of the Donbass, but this influence is not infinite.”
About the capture by the military government-controlled areas of Donbass
In February 2017 Zakharchenko expressed the opinion about the readiness of the militia to liberate the Ukraine-controlled areas of Donbass by military means, it is not possible to do this by political means. Dmitry Peskov then criticized the head of the DPR, stating that it contradicts the Minsk agreements.
About the referendum on accession to Russia
In March 2017 the self-proclaimed head of the Luhansk national Republic (LNR) Igor Carpenter said that in favour of holding a referendum in the Donbass on joining Russia. Alexander Zakharchenko also said that does not preclude the holding of a plebiscite on accession to Russia and the DNI, but believes that “all the time”. The reaction of the Kremlin was not followed, however, shortly before the statements of Carpenter Dmitry Peskov said that the Kremlin does not consider the scenario of integrating the self-proclaimed DND and LNR to Russia.
About the trade blockade of Ukraine and the reorientation of Russia
Also in March, the head Zakharchenko has declared a trade blockade of Kiev. “We cut all ties with Ukraine, with which the war — said the head of DND. — Yeah, sold the coal to get money to pay salaries here. But due to the fact that we have learned to live under siege, we are announcing a blockade of Ukraine”. He explained that the products produced by the DNR, will be supplied to Russia. In February 2017, the leaders LNR and DND have also made statements about the termination of deliveries of coal to Ukraine — then the question whether it is possible to reorient production of the enterprises of Donbass to Russia, Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said: “I can’t say.”