More than half — 64,5% of inhabitants of the houses located near the five-story building, are opposed to the inclusion of their own homes in a renovation programme. These are the results of research conducted by the Levada center commissioned by RBC.
Residents of the houses located in the neighborhood included in the preliminary list for demolition, asked whether they support the inclusion of their homes in the program. 64,5% of those who agreed to answer and said that they do not support, is still 35.5 percent would like to have their home entered into the program.
The main problems of passive participants consider a major renovation construction, which will unfold in the framework of the program (34%), poor quality of new homes (26%), eviction of Muscovites of the most prestigious areas on the outskirts (23%). 47% of the inhabitants of the rock-steady homes are confident that the renovation will be carried out in the interests of developers, 44% — in the interests of the residents of demolished houses. Another 37% said the beneficiary of the renovation program of the Moscow authorities, and only 9% are confident that the program will be implemented in the interests of all the residents of Moscow.
Supporters of the renovation living in the neighborhood with the participants, I hope that the demolition of the buildings will improve the architectural appearance (41%) and landscaping (40%) of their districts and the city as a whole. 16% of those who would support the demolition of his home, assess the repair of the apartment as bad and very bad. Among the opponents of the renovation of 3%.
The inhabitants of the houses themselves caught in a preliminary list of renovation, the majority voted for the demolition, according to a study by the Levada center. The inclusion of their homes in a program supported with 85.5% of residents of the five-story building, hoping thus to improve their living conditions. 70% voted for the demolition, explained that their homes are in disrepair. 52% said that the house was structurally outdated and does not have elevators, balconies and garbage disposal. Thus, 46% of supporters of the demolition hope to get a bigger flat.
The renovation programme may indirectly affect nearly half of the city, says the Director of the Institute for regional studies and urban planning HSE Irina ilina. Large-scale construction works cause a lot of problems for the population and urban infrastructure. Changing traffic, felled trees reduced access to the service sector, close to cafes and shops. The five-story building located virtually anywhere in the city in built-up areas, it is planned to demolish their separate houses, and not quarterly. “If the house is demolished, then around it in a radius of at least 100 m will be noise and other problems associated with discomfort from the construction site,” — said Ilyin. It is estimated that the renovation may indirectly affect residents of at least 10 thousand houses.
To live near the five-story building is more comfortable than next to the houses that will be built instead of Khrushchev, therefore, the majority of residents are opposed to the demolition of five-story buildings, says a leading expert on housing law and housing public movement “For human rights” Viktor Fedoruk. “People don’t want to change your lifestyle because of the neighboring houses, they are not willing to experience discomfort at the expense of others,” Fedoruk explained in an interview with RBC.
For the demolition of already voted citizens of more than 4.1 thousand houses. To the program of renovation has paid off, the apartments in the houses for immigrants will be built for sale. According to RBC, the density of buildings in Moscow may be increased 2.18 times. According to Luzhkov’s program of demolition of five-story building, the compaction factor of the building amounted to 2.38 in the middle of the city. The Moscow authorities have already stated that the change to the ground transport because of the renovation, increasing the number of stops and buying new buses.