More than a third of the residents of the buildings who voted against the demolition of their homes, ready to participate in actions against renovation. These are the results of a study conducted by the Levada center commissioned by RBC.
Levada-center door-to-door to interview residents of the houses included in the preliminary list of renovation and to vote for or against the demolition, as well as homes located near them. It turned out that the demolition has voted 85.5% of residents of the five-story building, and 64.5% of the inhabitants of the neighboring houses would not want to join the renovation programme. The protests have already participated in 14% of the residents of Khrushchev, who voted against demolition, and 2% of opponents of the renovation program residing in the neighboring five-story buildings. All it is is 2% of all respondents.
To participate in new protests ready 34% voted against the demolition of the residents of the five-story building and 11% opponents of the renovation of the neighboring houses. Together they make up 5% of respondents “Levada” of the respondents (a total of 1,000 people: 500 residents of the five — story building under demolition, the 500 residents of neighboring houses). However, 39% of potential participants in the protests — citizens over 55 years of age, 28% between 40 and 54 years, 26% — from 25 to 39 years. Young people from 18 to 24 years made up 7% of those wishing to participate in actions against renovation. In meetings of the renovation involved 1% of respondents, while willing to participate is 4%.
Residents of the five-story building and neighboring houses were better to refer to the President of Russia Vladimir Putin due to the renovation, also found the Levada center. 23% of all respondents said that their opinion of the President has improved due to its position on the program, 5% of respondents changed their opinion for the worse, 44% have not changed their attitude.
Earlier, the Kremlin wanted to publicly distance themselves from the renovation. Sobyanin would like to see the mayor of Moscow in 2018, 42% of the residents of the buildings and their neighbors, 30% would vote for another politician, 28% were undecided. The proportion of voters “an United Russia” in the Duma elections in 2016 among residents of Khrushchev, who voted for the demolition, higher than among those who voted against.
That in Moscow will carry all of the building, announced on 21 February on a meeting between Putin and Sobyanin. City officials said the demolition will affect 8 thousand houses. March 14 the state Duma was introduced a bill amending the law “On the status of the capital”, which gave Moscow authorities broad powers to demolish dilapidated housing: to enable every house in the program of demolition, to evict tenants without a right of appeal to the court to resettle in neighboring areas, to offer only equivalent housing, give developers permission to build in deviation from the guidelines.
The plans of the authorities caused a protest among some residents. Residents raised concerns that they will be evicted from the nice areas on the outskirts, will give the apartment a lower cost, people in their neighborhoods will increase several times. In addition, the owners are unhappy that the fate of their personal apartments will depend on the vote of the neighbors. In the may 14 rally on Sakharov Avenue was attended by 30 thousand people, the law on the demolition of the buildings appealed to the constitutional court, and the order of voting in the Metropolitan courts. For the third reading the law was heavily rewritten, and in the preliminary list of houses, whose residents could vote for or against the demolition, included 4.5 thousand buildings.
A citywide campaign against renovation is not, the movement was fragmented, said political analyst Alexander Kynev. On the one hand, this contributed to power; on the other, various political parties tried to play on the theme of renovation. However, the problem is gone, because the housing is virtually the only thing a vast majority of the population. “For example, if the house voted for the demolition with a very small margin, formally the decision is made, but the opponents he has very much” — said Kanev.
The fate of the protests will depend on the government’s actions, her willingness to concede and even from the rhetoric. The situation around the five-story building could affect the municipal elections, said the analyst. A high proportion of people over 55 years of age, among potential participants in the protests may be related to the fact that they live in their homes longer and gave them more power and money, said Kanev.
On the results of the study by the Levada center, read the material to RBC.