The energy Ministry proposes to oblige foreign and Russian manufacturers to disclose software code turbine control, said in an interview to “RIA Novosti” Deputy Minister of energy Andrey Cherezov. “If we talk in technical language, we must clearly understand the codes on the top, bottom and middle levels. In this work, if all the codes are open and we understand how it works and the turbine, and the control — no questions”, — he said. According to Cherezova, these requirements will be charged in parallel and to Russian companies. The company will not incur large expenditures, the Deputy Minister believes.
In Russia there are no own high-power turbines, but presents a large fleet of equipment of Siemens, General Electric, Alstom and General Electric. ready to work with the government and partners to create an “advanced digital solutions for the energy equipment in Russia,” said RBC representative of the company. The ability of the authorities program code he did not comment. Representatives for Siemens and Alstom have not yet responded to requests to RBC.
July 5, Reuters reported that “Technopromexport”, in spite of the sanctions, put the turbine Siemens in the Crimea, the German company confirmed it had suspended the supply of equipment to Russian state-owned companies. Installation and commissioning of the turbines may take about six months, said a top Manager of the company, which is engaged in commissioning of foreign equipment. Commissioning will be engaged in “Tekhnopromexport” and “Interavtomatika” (45,7% in Siemens), wrote Reuters and confirms the source of RBC, close to the government. But it is still unclear, let whether these companies are Siemens turbines without chief engineers of the German company and if they have the access control systems equipment. Without a code that allows access to the control system to run the turbine is impossible, say sources RBC.
Manufacturers of control systems have not disclosed any source code, this is logical, because the texts of these codes — the know-how of their intellectual property, says a top Executive of a major energy company. If you reveal the code, then there are counterparts, and your product loses a competitive advantage, explains the interlocutor of RBC. According to him, manufacturers of the Russian equipment also did not disclose the program code.
Siemens and Alstom are especially tough position with respect to the disclosure of codes, says the interlocutor of RBC. As a result, for the majority of Russian engineers turbine Siemens remains a “black box” — it is unclear how it is managed, what is the logic operation of the turbine, said a top Manager of the company, which is engaged in commissioning of foreign equipment. Russia has its own software, but use it instead a foreign problematic, said the first source. When you buy a foreign unit, the manufacturer says: if you want to do all the warranty, buy also and automated control system (ACS) turbines, he explains. Besides not the fact that the Russian software will be comfortable working with foreign equipment, negotiated the interlocutor of RBC.
Now the most primitive to the management of the Siemens turbine passes into low — level engineers, which bought the equipment, and all contingencies German engineers accompanies remotely, says a top Manager of the company. This is a normal European practice and so far it is all arranged, says the interlocutor of RBC.
Without revealing control codes turbines, Siemens gets the exclusive right for the use of their equipment. “You seem to have bought a “piece”, but to work with it without the supplier can not” — said a top Manager of another major Russian energy company. In conditions when against Russia the sanctions periodically, and it is unclear when and what will be next, this is unacceptable: the energy security of the regions where foreign equipment is used, is threatened, he concludes.
About the need to require foreign nationals to disclose the codes to control the equipment of power was discussed during the reform of RAO UES in the mid 2000-ies, when it became clear that most of the new equipment in the industry will be foreign, says the interlocutor of RBC. But then the discussion ended in nothing, needed to modernize the grid.