MOSCOW, August 24. /TASS/. The construction of high speed railway (HSR), “Eurasia”, which will connect Europe and China, could be completed in 2026. This is stated in the presentation of JSC “Russian Railways” (at the disposal of TASS).
The start of construction of the different sections varies from 2018 (VSM Moscow – Kazan) until 2023 (Red – Moscow, Chelyabinsk – Golden hill).
According to the presentation, the project can be implemented using the infrastructure of the mortgage. Also among the possible measures of the state support mechanisms of public-private partnerships and concessions, government guarantees, specinvtehnica, capital grants and direct subsidies, tax benefits and tax return funding.
The mechanism of “infrastructure mortgage” to investors offering to introduce Russian President Vladimir Putin at the plenary session of the St. Petersburg international economic forum. He noted that we are talking about the scheme when infrastructure subject matter is bought on credit from private investors and users of the facility this credit gradually paying off. Thus, the return on investment proposed to be undertaken by the regular payments that will come from the major beneficiaries of infrastructure facilities, i.e., from budgets of different levels, infrastructure monopolies, etc. To ensure payment can also be used the mechanism of state guarantees.
Who will Finance the project
The HSR project can be financed with the participation of the Russian direct investment Fund (RDIF), a New BRICS development Bank, the Eurasian development Bank, silk road Fund and the Russian-Chinese investment Fund also said in the presentation.
In addition, the expected involvement in the project leading equipment suppliers and construction companies of Russia, Europe and China.
The cost of construction
The cost of the Russian section of the main Eurasia is estimated to 3.58 trillion.
The total capital cost of the construction of Brest (Belarus) – Dostyk (Kazakhstan) is of 7.08 trillion rubles, and of 7.84 trillion, including China (to Urumqi).
It is assumed that the HSR in Russia will be held from the Bethesda Red (Smolensk oblast, near the border with Belarus) to the station Golden hill (Chelyabinsk oblast, near the border with Kazakhstan).
The total length of HSR “Eurasia” will be 9 thousand 447 km (distance Beijing – Moscow – Berlin), including a stretch of Brest – Dostyk (4 851 thousand km, of which on the territory of Russia – 2 thousand 366 km).
The cost of construction of the Belarusian section from Brest to the station Krasnaya estimated at 0.85 trln roubles, Kazakhstan (from the Golden hills to the Dostyk) – 2.66 trillion rubles.
The purpose of the construction of the CSM
The feasibility of the project due to the growing volume of trade in goods with high added value, sensitive to the delivery date, stated in the presentation of the Railways. In addition, the increased volume of electronic trading, including between China and the EU. The expected additional growth of trade between China and the EU in the period to 2035 is more than $720 billion, the document says.
Passenger traffic on HSR Eurasia by the year 2050 is estimated at 36.9 million passengers forecast traffic – 12.6 million tons, including 7.8 million tons in the direction of China – EU.
High-speed freight rolling stock will be designed on the basis of passenger due to the absence of analogues in the world. Base stock – 12 cars, the maximum speed is 350 km/h. Estimated cost of one freight and passenger trains is estimated at 2.7 billion rubles.
Currently comes the design of the Moscow – Kazan, which in the future can become part of a high-speed railway “Eurasia”. Start of construction of HSR Moscow-Kazan planned for 2018, entering service in 2023.
The length of HSR Moscow – Kazan will be about 770 km, the train speed will reach 400 km/h on the highway will be organized stops every 50-70 km. journey Time from Moscow to Kazan on HSR will be 3.5 hours against the current 14 hours.