UN, September 27. /Offset. TASS Oleg Zelenin/. The development of a Treaty to ban nuclear weapons, opened for signature 20 Sep, error that its provisions are “significant downside risks” to the non-proliferation regime. This was stated on Tuesday by Deputy permanent representative to the UN Vladimir Safronkov meeting on the occasion of the International day for the total elimination of nuclear weapons.
The diplomat commented on the criticisms of the nuclear powers and other countries that had abstained from the negotiations on the text of the agreement. “This was a good enough reason,” said he, adding that in Moscow with respect “to the views of those who advocated the early abolition of nuclear weapons”. According to him, the question “is how to build a path of progress towards this goal, how and when to introduce a ban on nuclear weapons.”
Zampolpreda of the Russian Federation suggested that the development of a “legally binding instrument on the subject could be required in the final phase of the multilateral nuclear disarmament process, to guarantee its irreversibility”. “Now these measures are clearly premature,” – said the diplomat. He recalled that in the preamble of the Treaty on the nonproliferation of nuclear weapons (NPT) “clearly stated that the total elimination of nuclear arsenals should take place in accordance with the Treaty on comprehensive and complete disarmament”. “These provisions in past decades was somehow almost forgotten, although all parties to the NPT they have the character of international legal obligations”, – said Safronov.
“Against this background, we consider the development of a Treaty to ban nuclear weapons. The document was worked out hastily and contrary to the agreements reached in the framework of the NPT. We believe that the provisions of the new Treaty, create a significant risk to the existing system of nuclear non-proliferation and encourage the growth of alienation between the members of the international community,” warned Deputy permanent representative of the Russian Federation.
He stated that for Russia “was unacceptable conceptual framework of the negotiation process, which essentially ignored the strategic context”, and the question of the elimination of nuclear weapons was considered “in isolation from the existing realities”. In addition, the participation of Russia in the negotiations prevented the text was approved by vote and not by consensus taking into account the interests of the nuclear powers and other countries, “considering such drastic steps are premature,” said Safronov. According to him, “the opinion of many States was essentially ignored”.
Deputy of the Russian Ambassador reiterated that Russia is not in principle against the adoption of a legally binding Treaty on the prohibition of nuclear weapons in the final stage of disarmament. “Now the international community needs to focus on establishing a favourable atmosphere for the achievement of further progress towards nuclear disarmament,” the diplomat said. For this, he said, requires “a deliberate and comprehensive effort to strengthen international stability on the basis of equal and indivisible security for all States without exception, as made explicit in the documents elaborated and adopted by consensus in the NPT review”.
According to him, Russia is committed to the goal of a nuclear-weapon-free world and has taken steps to disarmament not only in the framework of agreements with the United States, but unilaterally.
“Russia is committed to the vision of a world free of nuclear weapons, the diplomat said. – Our country over the last thirty years, not in words but in reality most actively involved in the process of nuclear disarmament. During this time, the nuclear arms race was not only halted but reversed”.
According to him, negotiations between Russia and the United States helped to negotiate “effective measures for the reduction and limitation of nuclear weapons,” in which “real progress towards a nuclear-free world”. “In addition to the steps that were carried out by us pursuant to bilateral agreements with the United States, the Russian Federation had undertaken unilaterally a number of other important measures,” – said Safronov.
Among the measures he called a fourfold reduction in the number of Russia’s non-strategic nuclear weapons, adding that they are translated in the category of non-deployed and located within the country in special storage facilities, where “provide strict security mode”. “Another step in this field was the national decision on Menzelinsky Russian nuclear weapons that have so-called zero flight mission. Were significantly reduced the role and place of nuclear weapons in Russian military doctrine,” – said zampolpreda of the Russian Federation.
He stressed that the steps taken by Russia “is closely brought to the point when needed connection to these efforts without exception, all the States with military nuclear potential.”
The Treaty for the prohibition of nuclear weapons was adopted on July 7, following negotiations, in which participated the nuclear powers, including Russia, UK, China, USA and France. In accordance with the text of the document, the parties undertake “never under any circumstances” develop, test, produce and stockpile nuclear weapons and use it or threaten to use them. Countries that joined the agreement, will also be prohibited to place on its territory nuclear weapons of other States. The Treaty will enter into force 90 days after it is signed and ratified by 50 countries.