MOSCOW, November 3. /TASS/. Circulated in the UN Security Council a Russian draft resolution on the mandate of the Joint UN-OPCW (Organization for the prohibition of chemical weapons) to investigate possible cases of use of chemical weapons in Syria (CMP) aims to strengthen and increase the effectiveness of the mechanism. On Friday TASS said the Director of the Department for nonproliferation and arms control (DNCW) of the Russian foreign Ministry Mikhail Ulyanov.
“Our draft resolution provides not only the extension but also the update of the mandate of the CMP, he said. – Such possibility is expressly provided for by UN security Council resolution 2319. It is important to implement this capability in the light of experience, which unfortunately revealed systemic problems in the work of the CMP, what we talked about Thursday at a joint briefing of the foreign Ministry, defense Ministry and Ministry of industry and trade on the results of the chemical investigation of the incident in Khan Sheyhun”.
The diplomat drew attention to the fact that the Russian project “aimed at strengthening the CMP and to bring its activities more in line with the high standards of the Convention on the prohibition of chemical weapons (CWC) and those noble goals, which were proclaimed at the creation of this structure.” “While we do not propose to deal with the micromanagement, he added. – The mechanism will retain a free hand to organise their work according to their own discretion, but based on more clearly defined the basic framework and rules”.
The essence of the proposals of the Russian Federation
“The main innovation in our project is that CMP must continue to focus on the investigation again in full compliance with the provisions of the CWC directly on the site of a chemical incident and to use the whole Arsenal of available methods and tools, including those that were recommended a year ago by the former leadership of the mechanism – said Ulyanov. – We do not offer to dismiss other information on chemical crimes, even if you are not able to provide investigative actions on the place for some reason. In this case, we propose that the mechanism has collected all relevant information in anticipation of the day when he can visit the scene and carry out all necessary investigative actions”.
The second important point, he said, is that “judging from the recent report of CMP, Russia can not consider the investigation of the incident in Khan Sheyhun completed.” “We need to CMP called for the scene to conduct the investigation and carried out the sampling on the base Shirt, where supposedly flew the plane with aviation bomb filled with sarin, – said the diplomat. Accordingly, the draft [resolution] there are instructions on this account”.
“The third important point is that under the previous mandate renewal in November last year the UN security Council has included in the list of challenges facing the SMR, a number of provisions on counter-terrorism, – continued the head DNCV. – According to the report, these instructions CMP “forgot”, entirely focused on the development of the version about the use of Khan Sheyhun bombs. So, we remind you about these tasks and to include in the draft a few more orders”.
The extension for six months
“It is very important that our project provides direct instruction to the UN Secretary General to submit recommendations on possible measures to strengthen the construction, – said Ulyanov. – We believe that the UN security Council will consider such recommendations in the shortest possible time. I believe that in the case of the adoption of this resolution it is still possible to expect that further investigation will be carried out more efficiently, professionally and objectively”.
“At the same time one cannot completely exclude that our proposed measures are insufficient to ensure the full implementation facing the mechanism of the tasks. In this case we envisage the extension of this time not for a year and six months, to be able to may 2018 to finalize the mandate to further strengthen”, – said the diplomat.
American project unacceptable
Referring to the us draft resolution on the mandate of the CMP, which was also submitted to the UN security Council, the head DNCV drew attention to the fact that the United States offer “to freeze everything as it is for the next two years.” “The project involves the extension of the mandate unchanged, despite the fact that revealed major shortcomings, – he stressed. – Moreover, Washington would provide the mechanism and at the same time-finding Mission of the OPCW facts full free hand to act exclusively at his own discretion, and that there were no rules governing them”.
“Of course, agree with this completely impossible, – said Ulyanov. – This approach leads to the fact that the mechanism is the tool of international justice has become a tool to achieve U.S. foreign policy goals, what we are now witnessing. Therefore, to support the American project of course we cannot, especially because it in addition it is proposed to approve all of the unfounded accusations against Damascus.”
October 26, CMP submitted its seventh report, which blamed the attack with sarin in the city of Khan shaykhun 4 April 2017 on the Syrian authorities, and after the attack with the use of sulfur mustard in the village of Marat-Umm Hosh 16 September 2016 – the militants of the terrorist group “Islamic state” (banned in Russia). October 31, the Russian side has sent to the security Council and the UN General Assembly the results of the preliminary assessment prepared by the investigators of the report, saying it “is Amateur in nature,” and the conclusions contained therein are based on the “amateurish methodology.”
The investigative powers of the Commission expire November 17. 24 Oct Russia vetoed the US prepared a resolution renewing the mandate of the CMP to November 2018, called to wait for the publication of the report.
November 2, Russia and the USA brought to the UN Security Council conflicting draft resolutions on the extension of the term of the CMP. Two documents provide for the extension of the mandate of the Commission of inquiry at different times: Russia – until may 16, 2018, and the us – in the 24 months since the adoption of the resolution. In the text presented by the delegation of the United States, contains the threat of action under Chapter VII of the UN Charter (allows for the imposition of sanctions and the use of military force) for committing attacks with the use of toxic substances. In turn, the Russian project requires CMP to re-evaluate “previously made findings and conclusions” in view of the fact that they carried out an investigation, according to Moscow, did not meet the standards.