MOSCOW. April 1. /Offset. TASS Olga Bychkova, Dmitry Trunov/. The Governor of the Kemerovo region Aman Tuleyev, one of the oldest in all senses of Russian politicians, became the first political victim of a devastating fire in a shopping centre, “Winter cherry” in Kemerovo, which killed 64 people. Sunday Tuleyev, who headed the region since 1997, addressed to the President asking for resignation.
“First, went to the wrong constituency, from the city of Kemerovo. Much better to me was a sign of the South of Kuzbass, where you could say, every square meter I learned on my knees – says Tuleyev. – Second, to the height of the campaign arrived, the diploma session in the Academy (Academy of social Sciences – approx. TASS). I was not able to agree either about the holiday or about the transfer degree. And most importantly, the “democratic” army, knew nothing neither about my life nor about how and what I did throughout it, one pecked: Abramovic! At that time, if you worked in the party organization, to you it is as if you are in the area served time for robbery or robbery”.
But this loss was for Tuleyev starting point. According to the politician, he was not accustomed to accept defeat and in 1990 went to the deputies of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR and the Council of people’s deputies. Defeated in both cases.
In 1991, Kemerovo politician first tries his hand at the election of the President of the Russian Federation. At the heart of his program – disagrees with the course of reforms, conducted by the Yeltsin because “this course led to the collapse of the state and impoverishment of the people” is the wording of the official biography. For Tuleyev voted at 6.81% of the electorate in fourth place among candidates, while in the Kuzbass, he received about 45% of the vote.
In 1991, Tuleyev worked as the head of Kemerovo regional Executive Committee supports the emergency Committee, and in September, Boris Yeltsin removes him from this post. After the dissolution of the Supreme Council in November 1993, the future Governor was elected a member of the Federation Council from the Kemerovo region. The following year he headed the regional legislative Assembly after the victory of its Democracy in the elections.
Tuleyev remained speaker of the legislative Assembly until August 1996, then he received an invitation to head the Ministry for CIS Affairs. Having been the Minister for only a year, Tuleyev asked to return it in the Kuzbass, where the situation is all the more hotter: the losses of unprofitable enterprises in industry, construction and transport reached colossal proportions, coal mining, compared to the years of Soviet power has decreased by a third, and wages were not paid for several months.
“I want to work – let’s make a deal”
After the appointment of the head of administration held a meeting with Yeltsin, Tuleev. “Coming from the President, deep down, was convinced that sending me to Kuzbass just to drown out the impending strike, so I persuaded the people, and all recalls Tuleyev. – Then without money in subsidized regions, no head will not hold”.
Battousai Kemerovo oblast was on the verge of a “rail war”. In the spring of 1998 due to the plight of the miners blocked the TRANS-Siberian. Protesters were not allowed neither freight nor passenger trains – has accumulated more than 100 compositions. According to Tuleyev, it is the most feared hand-to-hand on the rails: on the one hand, the enraged miners, with another crowd of the indignant passengers.
Tuleyev met with the strikers almost daily, talked about the fact that such a “blockade” is detrimental to the economy, hinders the work of other companies. The critical situation in Kuzbass lasted a month and a half. Gradually, since 1999, the situation in the region begins to improve. Then Boris Yeltsin, Tuleev was even awarded the medal of Honor, but he will refuse the award: “I could not sleep at night, have not found place in the afternoon. In short, the decision has not been easy, but to do otherwise I couldn’t”. A year later, in September 2000, the Governor of Kuzbass has received this award from the hands of the new President – Vladimir Putin.
In the 2000s, the economy of the region accelerated developing metallurgy, chemical industry, coal industry new enterprises, increasing production: by the end of 2017, production will reach a record in the history of the Kuznetsk coal basin 241 million tons, while the best result in the Soviet years, 160 million. However, in this period of growth will occur the most large-scale accidents in the mines: in 2007 – on “Ulyanovsk” and “Anniversary” in 2010 – at the “Raspadskaya”.
Tuleyev forms in the region of its system to operate the business: large companies and industrial enterprises signed cooperation agreements with the regional administration. They commit themselves to investment, tax, allocate money to the region, the social sphere and improvement, funded by the Governor’s action. For example, in the last two years to buy bikes for children and Nordic walking poles for seniors.
Tuleev admitted that meetings with the business are pretty tough, there is controversy, but in the end the parties agree. In an interview with TASS, the Governor told me that these meetings are similar to Torg. “I said, “I Want to work normally – let’s make a deal”. The head of Kuzbass severely affects those companies, which he has claims: appeals to law enforcement bodies, writes directly to the Prosecutor General and the Investigative Committee of the Russian Federation.
“Let’s put the country”
Tuleyev went on open conflict are often used for this media. Criticized the Railways for the shipment of coal and tariffs for its transportation, a strong-willed decision to enter emergency mode in the enterprise of life-support. If the mine accident or any other incident, Tuleyev took the situation under his personal control, headed a staff and was ready immediately to leave the place.
The Governor was willing to stand up for their subordinates, even if it is necessary to challenge the actions of Federal agencies. During the big scandal in the fall of 2016, when he was arrested on suspicion of extortion of shares in coal companies, eight high-ranking officials and businessmen, including two Vice-governors, Tuleyev held a press conference and said that the goal “attack” is exactly what it is.
The Governor has positioned itself as a guarantor of stability in the Kuzbass, this was one of the arguments for his nomination for the elections of the head region in 2015. Then he said: if there will be a new Governor is inevitable redistribution of ownership in the industry, primarily in coal. The new head is likely to be canceled and part of the introduced incentives, as noted by the rails – perhaps “as an economist,” this man will be right, in terms of spending cuts. At that time the loss of the regional Treasury billions due to falling coal prices, while substantially growing the national debt.
Help the weak, the disadvantaged and unjustly offended always been the main theme of Tuleev. In recent years, and in the 2008-2009 crisis, the head of Kuzbass refused to entered the benefits: the region has a so-called “pension Tuleyev”, reduced working hours for women on Fridays, benefits in the payment of utility services for the population. “If I do not, will not support the population, social stability in the region would not again sit on the strikes and rallies. And I’m already on the rails in his time with the miners hatched,” he says.
Tuleyev has always been able to recognize a “wave” and be on the crest. For example, in 2016 he led in the region ban on the collection activities. As he explained in an interview with TASS, the abolition of this law, the prosecution was expected: “But figured: he (the attorney – approx. TASS) will cancel, but three months I gain, and during this time I will put the country and the attention to the problem will draw”. Collectors really appealed to the Prosecutor General, and then the law had to cancel, but by that time it was adopted the Federal law on the collectors.