MOSCOW, may 19. /Offset. TASS Maria Amirdzhanyan/. Exactly 10 years ago, may 19, 2008, the first civilian aircraft developed in Russia after disintegration of the USSR, flew regional aircraft Sukhoi SuperJet 100 took off from the airfield at the plant in Komsomolsk-on-Amur. The flight lasted a little over an hour, during the flight, worked out the takeoff, the aircraft made four passes over the strip at different heights (maximum -1200 m). The landing was successful, the plane was piloted by senior test pilot of “Sukhoi Civil aircraft” (SCAC) Alexander Yablontsev and test pilot Leonid Chikunov.
Yablontsev said that “the plane is really great” and he rejoices that “in life had the chance to be the first who picked up this beautiful machine in the sky.”
The first flight was only a step on the long road to the beginning of commercial operation of the aircraft.
“The feelings [the first flight] was very different. On the one hand was the feeling that we are summarizing the great work that was done by thousands of people, and that we are ready to successfully complete this phase of work on the project, says the former President of the United aircraft company (UAC) Mikhail Pogosyan. On the other hand, there was a feeling of confidence that we have provided all the nuances that can occur within the first flight. And the plane and crew were fully prepared for the challenges ahead. After the flight, of course, had an overwhelming sense of pride and satisfaction with the achieved result”.
The Genesis of the project SSJ-100
In July 2002, the Russian aviation and space Agency (structure existed from 1999 to 2004) announced a competition for the creation of the regional plane. The competition involved three projects: Russian Regional Jet (brand Sukhoi SuperJet), 72-seater Tu-414 and M-60-70 (designed “Experimental machine-building plant named Myasishchev”). The new regional jet was to replace the outdated Tu-134.
The winner was the SSJ-100. At that time it was planned that the collection will consist of three aircraft of various passenger capacity: 60, 75 and 95 places with a range of up to 3500 km, and Then the media reported that the decision “Rosaviakosmos” has taken due to the fact that the draft of RRJ looked more elaborate, besides, “Sukhoi Civil aircraft” was a serious partner – Boeing. By the way, the agreement on the establishment was signed RRJ Sukhoi, Boeing and “Ilyushin” and OKB im. Yakovlev, in 2001.
Then the media reported that the project will receive up to $120 million to launch aircraft in the series. CEO GSS Andrey Ilyin in 2003 reported that the cost of design, start of production, testing and certification RRJ is about $600 million for 80% of the design work was fulfilled by the GSS. Boeing also had to provide experts and to transfer technology.
First, as the base model adopted the modification RRJ-75, but in the future, based on the requirements of the market and the launch customer, Aeroflot, detailed development was adopted by the RRJ-95. She also became the most popular, according to the materials of the Ministry of industry and trade of the Russian Federation, prepared for TASS. In base configuration the aircraft is able to accommodate up to 98 passengers.
September 26, 2007 took place the rolled out aircraft was first publicly displayed its appearance. It was planned that the first flight will take place in late 2007, then the flight was postponed to March 2008 and late – may.
“The successful implementation of the first flight showed that we are well organized the work on the project. Next we had over two years to complete the basic certification program, to organize the production and to start the operation of the aircraft. I think that in General these plans were implemented. Although, of course, without any of the nuances of a program of this size is never complete,” says Poghosyan.
The aircraft received type certificate in January 2011, the certificate of the European aviation safety Agency EASA in early 2012. The first commercial flight of the aircraft made in the Armenian company Armavia. Although in 2013, the company returned the plane. According to Poghosyan, the refusal was not connected with the technical characteristics of the aircraft, and with the problems of management of the company – the carrier ceased operations in 2013 due to the bankruptcy.
Who uses SSJ-100 now
The start of sales of the GSS was quite heavy – despite the fact that was concluded several supply contracts. One of the first customer aircraft began to “Aeroflot” (the contract for 30 aircraft was signed in 2005, financed the delivery of the first ten “VEB-leasing”). In 2013, Aeroflot has begun the gradual replacement of already operating SSJ-100 for a new one. As reported in 2013 Aeroflot “for compliance with the timing of the deliveries of the first machines, the parties agreed on the delivery of the first 10 aircraft in the specification, “light”, which will later be replaced by planes in the expanded ‘Full’ configuration.
Airline “Muscovy”, who took the plane after the bankruptcy of Armavia, went bankrupt and also not even the beginning of the use of the aircraft. Three SSJ-100 aircraft was used in Indonesian Sky Aviation, but that ceased operations in 2014. Also at various times there were plans to put the plane “Transaero” and “UTair”, but, for example, heavily experienced the last crisis of 2014 and was forced to abandon the expansion or upgrade of the fleet.
In 2017, Aeroflot, operating by the time the 30 aircraft SSJ-100, has signed a firm contract for 20 such aircraft. Another eight aircraft operates regional airline “azimuth”, 10 – “Gazpromavia”, 15 – “Yamal”, 9 – “Iraero”. Two SSJ-100 aircraft used by special flight detachment “Russia”, which provides transportation of the first persons of the state.
In total, according to the GSS, now used 127 aircraft, 89 in Russia and 38 abroad. For 2018 it is planned to conclude contracts for the supply of 60 cars, said in an interview with TASS, the President of GSS Alexander Rubtsov. He also said that the company plans to produce 35-40 aircraft, more than 50% of them for export. Now produced more than 170 aircraft, according to November 2017, the capacity of the GSS was about 169 instance.
The largest foreign operator of the aircraft – Mexican Interjet. According to recent reports, she was 18 of the 20 aircraft ordered in 2012. Moreover, in 2017, the company stated that they are ready to sign an additional contract to supply 10 more units.
However, the most image look the supply of aircraft of the Irish CityJet. This is the first European operator of the aircraft. The company now has a total of six of these aircraft, the contract is concluded on the 15th with the option for another 16 cars. The aircraft, used to transport athletes. For example, we know that the first set CityJet SSJ-100 was delivered last European championship on football national team of Ireland.
Moreover, three cars went on a two year wet lease – i.e., rental with crew, maintenance and insurance – in the Belgian airline Brussels Airlines (part of Lufthansa).
Modification of the aircraft
For more than 10 years history project radically changed the vision of the top management of a family of aircraft. It all began with plans for a family of three planes at 60, 75 and 95 places with a range of up to 3500 km. Now there is a basic version for 98 people with a range of slightly more than 3,000 km.
Since 2013 there is a modification of the SSJ-100 Long Range (LR) with extended range to just over 4,500 thousand. Also one time it was announced about the creation of an enlarged version of the SSJ-100 SV, with a Seating capacity up to 120 seats. A VIP version of the aircraft.
But the future ruler of the SSJ-100 is due to reduce to 75 seats version (SSJ-75). At least at the air show in Antalya in April 2018, GSS signed with the Russian S7-agreement on acquisition of 75 aircraft, the final decision, the airline promised to take to the end of the year. In addition, Scars were informed that GSS can supply up to 50 SSJ-75 government customers (Ministry of defense and SLO “Russia”).
Then the GSS and the airline “Severstal” has signed a firm contract for the delivery of six aircraft until 2022.
“Economic efficiency in operation and comfort of the cabin-level single-aisle aircraft are a key advantage of the SSJ100 in determining the interest from both Russian and foreign airlines, says Rubtsov, whose words are in the release of GSS. – A wide range of operational capabilities allows you to use the SSJ100 to unique airports in Europe with ultra-short strips, in high altitude and hot climate, without losing its capabilities and when flying in the far North of Russia”.
“Changes in the creation of SSJ 75 seats can touch the wings, fuselage, engine and aircraft systems, in particular, the creation of the new wing and on-Board avionics, unified with the MS-21 aircraft”, – quotes the message of the Ministry of industry and trade Minister Denis Manturov. – The aircraft can enter the market approximately in late 2022 to early 2023. According to preliminary estimates of experts promising Russian market demand in such machines can reach 200-300 aircraft, foreign – 3000″.
Not so long ago became aware of the fact that GSS is developing a special version of SSJ-100R in which the amount of Russian components will be increased to 50-60%. Iranian carriers have already signed a framework contract for the supply of 40 aircraft.
“It is planned that the aircraft will be performed with the maximum use of domestically produced components, stressed Scars. – Configuration of the fuselage will remain unchanged, while the total weight of the structure is to be reduced by 10-15%, improve aerodynamic efficiency by 10%, 5% reduction in specific fuel consumption and increase the share of composite materials in construction”.
“We will continue to develop the program, both in terms of the change of dimension of the aircraft, and in terms of increasing the share of Russian suppliers”, – are given in release of the Ministry of the word of the President of KLA Yuri Slyusarev.
Work is also underway on a reduction in operating costs and expenses for after-sales service.