MOSCOW, may 29. /TASS/. A new world order, which is currently will enable each country to find a voice in the international arena. This will happen despite the opposition of several countries headed by the United States interested in the preservation of archaic bipolarity. To such conclusion participants of the discussions on the first day of the international forum “Primakov’s reading.”
This is the third conference that gathered the traditions of the known world and Russian politicians, senior diplomats and competent experts in the field of international relations.
The main topics for discussion were the formation of a new multipolar world, the events unfolding in the middle East, and the busiest session was devoted to the Ukrainian crisis.
As noted in the interview with TASS, the owner of a forum the President of IMEMO them. E. M. Primakov, Alexander Dynkin, “all the topics were very acute, there was no entrance theme – in the hall even at the end of the day it was more than three hundred people.”
The Legacy Of Primakov
“As relevant as ever him [Primakov] the thesis that it is in moments of the most difficult turns in world Affairs, in moments of high turbulence, it is impossible to refuse from dialogue, on the contrary, should strengthen collaboration with all partners to seek common ground and compromise”, – stated in the message of Russian President Vladimir Putin. The greeting also underscores the credibility of the “Primako readings” as an international site. The message was read by the Russian presidential aide Yuri Ushakov.
He himself, took the floor and noted that in contemporary international politics there are attempts of Western countries to “impose the game of American football.” “Let us recognize that few people know how to play it, and most importantly – not everyone wants to play it,” – said Ushakov
The speaker of the Federation Council Valentina Matvienko, in turn, voiced the thesis that NATO in the current situation is not a universal institution in the field of security, and is “block a relic of the bipolar era, which by definition can not look for his opponent.” She expressed confidence that it will be incorrect to believe that the interests of the Alliance coincide with the European. “What provides the security one, in the block of the security model is necessarily a threat to others and safety for others,” said the speaker.
Deputy Minister of foreign Affairs of Russia Alexander Grushko also drew attention to NATO, in violation of this Soviet, Russian leaders promise, continues a military buildup in Eastern Europe “according to the blueprints of the cold war”.
The end of the bipolar model of the world
In the role of moderator for thematic sessions identified as “the New bipolarity: myth or reality?” Grushko said that in the modern world started to decline by the role of such international formats as the UN Security Council and the Organization for security and cooperation in Europe (OSCE), and added that Russia is concerned with the process of decomposition in the European security architecture.
Former adviser of US President George Bush, Thomas Graham suggested that the bipolar conception of world order is doomed, and in its place will come “complex, multi-layered, multipolar system in which to face a variety of interests.” The main challenge for the world community, he said, is the need to develop a common understanding of what this new colorful world based on pluralism should be like.
The middle East theatre
Foreign Minister of Uzbekistan Abdulaziz Kamilov, in his speech at the session “the New “Great game” in the middle East”, stressed that the settlement in the middle East and Central Asia, especially in Afghanistan requires the constructive engagement of external players, especially Russia and the United States.
Scientific Director of the Institute of Oriental studies Vitaly Naumkin, talking about the specifics of the region, noted that the intertwined there are three levels of conflict: local, regional and global. In this context, the orientalist said that Russia masterfully maintains a dialogue with all, even conflicting, actors in the Middle East.
Naumkin pointed out that Moscow, as a global player, has no purpose to confront other influential forces present in the region: “we do not Have neither the desire nor the opportunity nor the resources.”
The Ukrainian crisis
Summing up the session devoted to Ukraine, President of IMEMO in conversation with the correspondent of TASS, drew attention to the fact that all speakers were agreed on the inevitability of the Minsk agreements. “It is important that all members of the panel, which had representatives and the United States, and Germany, and Russia, contrary to the allegations, “Minsk” dead, were unanimous in saying that the Minsk agreements must be respected,” said Dynkin.
“The conflict will be resolved, when they’ll stop shelling their own people of Donbass and when you move towards the fulfilment of those obligations outlined in the Minsk agreements, – said the Deputy Minister of foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation Alexander Grushko. Is the Amnesty law, the law on the special status, “the formula Steinmeier” on the organization of elections. Kiev does not, for various reasons”.
OSCE observers are on the scene, have concluded that the violence in the Donbas continues. According to first Deputy head of the Special OSCE monitoring mission (SMM) to Ukraine, Alexander hug, just last week monitorsthe mission in 45 minutes I counted about 400 shells. In addition, in the vicinity of the contact line were 12 MLRS systems, 12 tanks and four howitzers.
“Minsk-2” is the only viable strategy, there is no other way out of the situation in the Donbass, except through “Minsk”, – said Hg. Asked the question at the session of the EU Ambassador in Moscow, Markus Ederer argued that Russia “is part of the equation in Ukraine, especially after the annexation of Crimea.” However, the diplomat noted the possibility of a resumption of “normal negotiations in Norman format.”
According to a member of the Directorate IMEMO is the name of Yevgeny Primakov Russian Academy of Sciences, former head of the foreign intelligence Service of the Russian Federation Vyacheslav Trubnikov, without saving the Minsk agreements and their implementation, especially in terms of the ceasefire under severe international control, the conflict in the South-East of Ukraine “in the best case will be for Europe as the next frozen”. He expressed confidence that the plant will help the UN peacekeeping mission, possibly with elements of peace enforcement, but its modality should be discussed with Kiev and Donetsk and Lugansk.