MOSCOW, January 27. The Prime Minister of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev has informed that has signed the Strategy for developing housing until 2020. “I want to inform that I have just this strategy has been signed”, – he said, speaking at the plenary session of the forum “Urban development: shelter and housing” that holds the “United Russia”.
“On the basis of specific requests”
According to Medvedev, the document, “when we worked on the priorities, we identified them based on the specific needs of the people that need man in the house”. “It is clear that is water, light, heat basic benefits that must be received without interruption. And the price for these services, which is specified in the payment document should not be exorbitant, and shall provide appropriate ROI, nothing more,” – said the head of government.
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According to the press service of the government, the document defines the main directions of the state policy and normative legal regulation in the sphere of housing and communal services. To them, in particular, include: the management of apartment houses; capital repair of common property in apartment buildings; dilapidated housing stock; regulated activities in the field of heat supply, hot and cold water supply, wastewater and municipal solid waste management.
Among the key directions of the strategy indicates the formation of active and responsible owners of premises in apartment houses, have every right to make decisions regarding their homes and real possibilities of realization of these rights, as well as a certain level of responsibility for decisions.
In addition, the strategy focuses on the development of entrepreneurship, strengthening of the competitive environment and attracting private investments in the sphere of housing and communal economy, improvement of the system of relations between owners of premises in apartment houses, managing organizations and utilities providers, as well as generally improving energy efficiency in the industry.
The Prime Minister at the forum also recalled the stormy discussions about the necessity of introduction of licensing management companies of apartment buildings. “Experience has shown that it was absolutely the right decision. Now the people who live in apartment buildings, there is a real opportunity to replace unscrupulous provider of housing and communal services”, – he noted.
Medvedev added that during the discussion on this topic was an initiative, “how to simplify this process (replacement of an unscrupulous management company – approx.TASS) for consumers, to reduce the term of the new licences in those management companies that do not work with any one house up to 6 months or up to 1 year”. “I think 6 months is enough to understand who is who. I support this idea and I will instruct the government to work”, – said Medvedev.
According to government documents, the housing and utilities sector is one of the basic sectors of the Russian economy, providing people with vital services and provide the industry with the necessary engineering infrastructure. Annual turnover in the sphere of housing and communal services exceeds the 4.1 trillion – more than 5.7% of the gross domestic product of Russia.
The growth of tariffs of housing and communal services
The increase in utility tariffs in July will amount to no more than 4% on average in the country, Medvedev said.
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He recalled that two years ago on the forum on a similar topic in Chelyabinsk have made a promise to limit the growth of fees for utilities until 2018 at the level not higher than inflation. “This year’s increase, which will take place July 1, will amount to no more than 4 percent on average in our country”, – assured Medvedev.
In addition the Prime Minister noted that the decisions adopted at that meeting eight key decisions, seven were fulfilled in full volume and one at the implementation stage.
The Prime Minister stressed that to advance in this field need to heed the demands of people. According to him, about a third of citizens in the party relate to improving housing conditions and community services. “We, of course, in this matter supported. Work on upgrading the housing and utilities infrastructure will continue, and this is the principled position of “United Russia”, – said the Prime Minister.
About the new calculation of energy tariffs
The introduction of a new procedure for calculating tariffs for electricity in the entire territory of the Russian Federation will be rescheduled for 2017, said the Prime Minister.
He recalled that a few years ago in several regions of Russia launched the experiment of introducing a new calculation procedure for electricity depending on consumption. “We planned to introduce everywhere the practice from 1 July 2016. A week ago I called a meeting with fellow party members, Ministers, where is that question on energy tariffs were discussed. In the end, I decided to postpone the introduction of the new procedure of payments for 2017, in addition, to abandon the idea of a single fixed monthly fee”, – said Medvedev.
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The Prime Minister also made for providing the regions with additional powers in this area, “so they can determine the timing of the introduction (of new electricity – approx.TASS), and the procedure of calculation”. “I think that this is reasonable and prudent to do it is at the regional level, rather than commanding the whole of the capital”, – said Medvedev.
He recalled that this year the growth of tariffs for housing and communal services the average for the country should not exceed 4%. “In government we follow this process,” he said, referring to the participants of the forum with the request “careful consideration is given to sudden jumps track payments and respond to it.”
In General, according to the head of the government, “each of us should be able at any moment, the stress at any time, to check whether the four bills for a communal flat”. V.
About the maintenance of property in apartment buildings
Medvedev proposes to postpone to 1 January 2017 the decision on maintenance of common property in apartment buildings.
“I support the introduction of restrictions on the performance of some of our decisions today based on the current economic situation of our people cannot afford, the Prime Minister said. Is one of those decisions concerns the costs of maintenance of common property in an apartment house”. According to him, for most tenants in apartment buildings this means that these costs are transferred from one box to another, from municipal housing. “People have questions”, said the Prime Minister.
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Russians pay for housing and communal services more than 10% of their income. What is the account for utility services. Infographics ITAR-TASS
“There is a proposal to consider a possibility to migrate from 1 April 2016 to 1 January 2017, the application of such changes. If you support us, I will instruct to issue a recommendation”, he concluded.
According to him, there is an idea to postpone the strengthening of liability for failure to install meters. “Over time, people will understand that the installation of metering devices for utilities in their own interests, he said. – However the delay to provide you can also on 1 January 2017”.
The Prime Minister explained that in order decisions worked without a hitch, you need to ensure the careful party control of the process itself of modernization of housing and communal services. “With the emergence of a new normative act always has enough flexibility to quickly address potential shortcomings, because the law and by-laws should just adjust to real life. This is not surprising – some of the decisions we have to adjust, and some even cancelled, he added. – Our task is not only to strictly comply with the requirements of the legislation, but also to flexibly respond to the changes in life happen and to make proposals for the adjustment of solutions that respond to the current moment”.
The cost for the repair
The state may assume some of the costs of concessional lending of works on major repairs of apartment houses that the process was conducted as soon as possible, Medvedev said.
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“I support the proposal to protect accumulated funds (contributions to maintenance) from inflation due to the accrual of market interest. Also we need to try even in these very difficult conditions to start the system of preferential lending services for capital repairs”, – said the head of the government, explaining that in this case to subsidize the payment is the state. “Residents can as soon as possible to make repairs and safely pay their assessed fees (on capital repairs) in the same terms as before without any hurry,” explained the Prime Minister.
According to him, at the end of 2015, the collection rate for major repairs was approximately 77 percent.
“The best ideas will be included in the election program”
According to the Prime Minister, the proposals of the participants of the forum will form the basis of the election program of the party “United Russia”.
“The results (of the forum) the moderators will prepare a proposal that will be the basis of my instructions to the government of the Russian Federation and not only, I want to underline, – said Medvedev. – In the future, your best ideas will be included in the electoral program of the party “United Russia”.
He added that the document is planned to accept in the second stage of the party Congress in June. “With this program we go on elections to the State Duma and 38 of the legislative Assembly,” he concluded.