NOVO-Ogaryovo, March 13. Unification of Supreme courts should help improve judicial practices, said the President of Russia Vladimir Putin.
Sergei Ivanov: a new large-scale judicial reform in Russia is not planned
At the meeting with Chairman of the Russian Supreme court Vyacheslav Lebedev, the head of state stressed the importance of the entire judicial system. “You probably hear criticism, we all understand, without it we cannot live, but I am confident in the fundamentals of our judicial system, and it seems to me that this step in the unification of the two courts (Supreme court and Supreme Arbitration court – approx.TASS) should serve to improve judicial practice, the fact that citizens of the Russian Federation felt that there is an instance that is actually protecting their rights”, – Putin said.
“The justice system did not stop”
Military leaders informed the President about the first experiences of the joint authority. According to him, “despite some difficulties”, the work of the judicial system. Lebedev reminded that the establishment of a General Supreme Court was due to the need to eliminate uncertainty in the jurisprudence. “And during this period, five months, essentially, already worked out the legal position more than 30 questions, which were perfect, I should say, different views of the application of this or that law,” he said. “Uncertainty in any activity is a negative impact, and the court is error, which means the limitation of rights and freedoms. Negative, in my opinion, in the judicial practice can’t be”, – said Lebedev.
The President added that preparing quarterly reviews of judicial practice, the joint resolution of the Plenum of the Supreme Court. Lebedev has concluded that the work of the court goes well. “We haven’t staffed, but there is a discerning selection for the judges. The court is working constructively, I would even say, creatively, good intellectual potential,” he said.
The head of the Russian Supreme court Vyacheslav Lebedev expects an increase of cases of bankruptcy and default. “Hard year, we expect an increase in insolvency, bankruptcy, given a certain situation, probably, will rise by default and inadequate execution”, – he said. The Chairman of the Supreme Council underlined that it is necessary “to look very carefully”. “And the judges (should) be extremely careful to correctly apply the law, the legal position, which is caused only by the Constitution and the law,” said Lebedev.
The unification of the Supreme and Supreme Arbitration courts
Putin took the initiative on merging the Supreme and Supreme Arbitration courts in June 2013, explaining her need for the unification of judicial practice. At the end of November of the same year the bill was approved by both houses of Parliament, 5 February 2014 the President signed the law on the amendment to the Constitution of the Russian Federation “On the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation and the Prosecutor’s office of the Russian Federation”. In accordance with the document, the Supreme Court – the highest judicial body on civil, criminal, administrative cases and economic disputes. In the jurisdiction of the armed forces transferred the issues that were previously the jurisdiction of the abolished the Supreme Arbitration Court of the Russian Federation.
The United Supreme court. Dossier