Their health is often at risk of miners of coal and lignite. For these occupations account for more than 40 and 35 more insurance claims per 1,000 workers. This is stated in the list of the social insurance Fund (FSS) about the potential for injury 1664 economic activities. A departmental draft of the act was published last week on the portal regulation.gov.ru.
The list will allow employers to claim the discount in payment of contributions for compulsory insurance of employees against accidents and occupational diseases. Also, it can be a reason to assign bonuses to the insurance tariff in 2017.
The list with information about traumatic FSS is composed by results of work of enterprises for the previous three years, follows from the rules of setting up discounts and surcharges to insurance rates, which the government approved in 2012.
The Prosecutor’s office are more dangerous than planes
FSS, in particular, represents the average number of injuries per 1,000 employees in a particular sphere of activity. The first 11 places in the ranking of the most hazardous industries (see table) is expected extractive industries: the biggest risk to the health of miners of coal and lignite (more than 40 and more than 35 insurance cases, respectively, per 1,000 employees) and those who produced aluminium-containing raw materials and non-ferrous metal ores (31 and 13 more insurance claims per 1,000 employees).
But among the most dangerous and was working in the Prosecutor’s office — insurance of 6.94 per 1,000 employees (it is the 25th of 1664 places in the ranking). The work of the prosecutors even more dangerous service on passenger planes flying on a schedule (of 6.92 insurance cases), follows from the data of the FSS.
A dangerous occupation was “regulation of cash circulation” (it is the activity of the Central Bank) — 36th place in the ranking, about 5.8 insurance claims per 1,000 workers. Not so dangerous to demolish and dismantle buildings (4,4 insurance cases) or to fish in open areas of the World ocean (4,2 insurance cases).
Unsafe work at the constitutional court — 2,6 insurance claims. While the envoys of the President (1,7 insurance claims per 1,000 employees) more dangerous prison management (1,5 insured events) and work in the security services (1,03 insurance cases).
The production of bicycles is almost as dangerous as the production of nuclear materials, to the materials FSS (a little more than 2 insurance claims per 1,000 employees). And to make cheese (1,99 insurance cases) more dangerous than beer (1,98). The spacecraft according to the degree of injury is comparable to the production of dairy products — insurance of 1.74 cases per 1000 workers.
276 economic activities are perfectly safe, follows from the data of the FSS. In particular, do not run the risk of those who grow tobacco, fruits and nuts, as well as those who breeds Pets, laboratory animals and earthworms.
If at a particular company the rate of injuries and occupational diseases is lower than in the list of the FSS, the employer may qualify for a discount, if above, FSS will assign a premium to the insurance rate, it follows from the rules of calculation of discounts and allowances to insurance rates. Discounts and allowances to insurance rates charged to employers to encourage them to create safer conditions in factories, said in the government resolution that approved these rules. But to assess the economic feasibility of introducing such preferences is not possible as the purpose of their establishment is still not enshrined in law, as indicators of the effectiveness of their actions, noted in the report for 2015 the chamber.
In addition, the FSS counts the number of disability days for each of the insured events (for each injury or occupational disease) for which the victim paid disability benefits, insurance payments, and also paid for the cost of rehabilitation.
Judging by the amount of time that knocked out of action employees injured on the or other industries, the ranking of the most hazardous activities will look very different. The leaders of this rating were the types of trade. Occupation, fraught with the most serious injuries — preparing for the sale of their own homes, follows from the data of the FSS. Time disability injured on the job is 580 days for one insured event. In second place for the duration of hospital — 447 days for one insured event — the agents in wholesale trade of textile products. Eighth place agents in wholesale trade in beer — 298 sick days per insured event. 10-th place from wholesale sellers of tractors (day hospital 281) 17th place — wholesalers of flowers (234,7 days).
In the second ten according to the severity of possible injury — cartographers (220 sick days), as well as those who grow mushrooms (219 hospital days for each insured event). From this point of view, these works are “more dangerous” extractive professions, the most dangerous of which, extraction of ores of nonferrous metals, was first mentioned only in the third ten rating (198 days sick leave per insured event).
Accident — an event in which the insured has received a mutilation or other damage of health in the performance of his duties under the labour contract on the territory of the insured and beyond, either during their journey to and from work or returning from work in transport provided by the insurer, and which resulted in the necessity to transfer the insured to another job, temporary or permanent loss of professional working capacity, according to the website of FSS. Occupational disease — chronic or acute illness of the insured resulting from exposure to harmful (hazardous) industrial (manufacturing) the factor (s) that caused the temporary or permanent loss of their occupational disability.