National projects 2.0: why create a new presidential Council

National projects for the new President

The results of the work of the new Council under the President for strategic development and priority projects may be included in the election program of the future President. This was told by one of the members of the new Council and a government source.

About the creation of a new framework Vladimir Putin announced on 17 June at the St. Petersburg international economic forum, the decree on its establishment was signed on Thursday, June 30. The Council, Putin said, “will be engaged in key projects, aimed at structural changes in the economy and the social sphere to enhance growth,” including those associated with increasing productivity, the business climate, promoting small and medium business export support. The final list will form the Presidium, headed by Medvedev.

Who will be included in the Board

In total, the new Council of 34 members, including the President. Putin headed it personally, and the head of the Presidium, became Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev. It included senior officials: all Vice-premiers, chief of the government staff Sergei Prikhodko, Deputy Maxim Akimov, the assistant to the President Andrei Belousov, Igor Levitin and Andrey Fursenko, all the presidential envoys in the Federal districts, chairmen of the state Duma and the Federation Council Sergei Naryshkin and Valentina Matviyenko, the Chairman of the accounts chamber Tatyana Golikova, the Minister of Finance Anton Siluanov, Minister of economic development Alexei Ulyukayev.

He joined the Board and several experts, most of which are included in the economic Council under the President, who is preparing a new strategy: is Alexey Kudrin, the head of the Russian Union of Industrialists and entrepreneurs Alexander Shokhin, the Secretary of the Public chamber Alexander Brechalov, the President of the chamber of Commerce Sergei Katyrin, President of “Business Russia” Alexey Repik.

We are actually talking about going back to work on national projects, which began in 2005, said the source . Four national projects — health, education, housing and rural development — was in charge of just Medvedev, held the post of first Deputy Chairman of the government, and in 2007 won the presidential election.

“The task of concentrating resources on the most important areas is justified in the previous period <…> from 2006 to 2008,” Medvedev said at a government meeting on Thursday. And now, in all likelihood, it would be advisable to do at the same time creating a more modern design mechanisms.”

The economy has changed, and therefore the list of priority projects will be different from those that were in the middle of 2000-ies, said the source in the new Council. But some of the old projects will remain, in particular, on health. Of the new projects will support non-oil exports, he says.

Among the possible directions that will lead the new Council, Medvedev said the development of the mortgage, rental housing, housing, urban environment, education, the improvement of the situation in single-industry towns, the establishment of a network of modern roads, high-performance workplaces, improving control and Supervisory activity, environmental direction.

The discussion about what will eventually be a list of priority projects is still ongoing. Another source in the new structure does not exclude that during the preparation of the list of areas the Council will assess how the implemented past projects.

The tips are different, the goal one

Tasks for priority projects can be included in a future election program of the candidate in the presidential elections of 2018. They will be implemented during the post-election cycle in 5-10 years, said one of the members of the Council. First Deputy Prime Minister Igor Shuvalov in interview to TV on the SPIEF said that the new structure for new directions will be the main task of the government for the remainder of the work and the next political cycle, 2018-2024 years.

Now the economic program for the President says the head of the Center for strategic development Alexey Kudrin in the Economic Council under the President, was revived this spring after nearly two years break.

Most of the officials of the Economic Council and entered into the new Board. “Both councils require a high degree of competence and resource,” explains the similarity of the composition of one of the members of the strategic Council.

However, according to two members of the two councils, the work of the structures will not be duplicated. “The Council of economic is largely about the theory”. And strategic advice about the application of theory to practice is a specific projects more clear KPI, projects and more short planning horizon,” — said the head of “Business Russia” Alexey Repik, which is included in both councils.

Who came up with the Council

On the site of the new Council will be implemented the idea of the President of Sberbank German Gref on the reform of public administration, told the interlocutors . The presentation that officials should work on the basis of project methods, his team showed in the government, wrote “Vedomosti” in March 2016. Gref proposed to create control centre reforms and implementation of key projects of the presidential Commission, which, according to the head of Sberbank, would be to assess the performance of ministries at 5-7 main KPI. The idea was supported Gref, Igor Shuvalov, said a government source and a source close to the presidential administration. The government’s idea of a “project office” engaged in also by the first Deputy head of the government apparatus Maxim Akimov, the assistant to the Prime Minister Andrey Slepnev.

Medvedev had “some “brainstorming” related to project methods,” said the source in the government. “At some point, the Prime Minister, given the experience with the projects, decided that it [the project office] is quite a working history,” says another government official.

In the end, Medvedev has formulated and sent to the President the proposals for the establishment of the Council and its organization, said two sources — the government and AP. Putin wrote on the document “Agreed,” says one of them.

“The government has long discussed taking into account the positive experience of national projects how to build a job in the future. Hence arose the idea, which was proposed by the Prime Minister to the President. The President approved it and now the government is ready to organize this work,” — said the press Secretary Dmitry Medvedev Natalia Timakova.

Press Secretary of the President Dmitry Peskov at the time of publication of the material did not answer the questions .

To concentrate money

According to a source close to the presidential administration, the government is not all satisfied with the system of presidential instructions, especially in the context of the may decrees: decrees of the tasks are adjusted to the methods of calculation of indicators and not developed methods of their real achievements. Now, according to two interlocutors in the government, for the priority projects will be defined KPI. It is expected that each priority project will be overseen by the relevant Deputy Prime Minister, said two sources in the government and a source close to the presidential administration.

New approaches to priority projects need to take into account when drafting the budget for the next three years and concentrate the money on those priorities,” said Medvedev. These approaches can change the mindset of officials: teach them not to ask for more money for execution of orders of the President, and to achieve goals in different ways, using existing resources,” says one of the interlocutors .