A new technique
Two days on an international military-technical forum “Army-2016” was concluded several dozens of contracts. According to estimates , the total amount of contracts exceeded 150 billion rubles.
The largest package — 130 billion rubles — said the Russian defense Ministry, said the Deputy Minister Yuri Borisov. The entire office has signed 17 long-term contracts with six companies.
The defense Ministry has signed a contract for the delivery of the first batch of tanks “Armata”, first shown at the Victory Parade in 2015. According to Borisov, the first batch will include more than 100 units of military equipment. The contract amount is not called. One tank, according to General Director of Corporation Oleg Sienko, worth 250 million rubles. the Main distinguishing feature was developed by Uralvagonzavod tank — the special location of the capsule, increasing the chances of a tanker to stay alive even when blasting the tank.
Uralvagonzavod will supply 42 self-propelled artillery “Msta-s”, said Sienko. It is in the contract goes on upgraded installations 2S19M2. The total amount of agreements amounted to RUB 8.5 billion. In some parts still used old “2S3 Akatsiya”, they need to change, explains the need for purchasing new murakhovski. Also the package included a contract with NPO “Alloy” (supply of ammunition for reactive systems of volley fire) and a number of enterprises (repair and modernization of howitzer systems).
The company “Admiralty shipyards” (part of United shipbuilding Corporation (Usc) signed a contract for six submarines of project 636 “Varshavyanka”. According to Yuri Borisov, built submarines will enter the Pacific fleet. General Director of “Admiralty shipyards” Alexander Buzakov at the press-conference, devoted to signing of the contract, stated that “Varshavyanka” will go into service before 2021. The contract value was not specified. In 2009, the supply by Russia to Vietnam six submarines cost $2 billion, reported the Center for analysis of world arms trade. Submarines of this project are already well known and tested, in particular, are used in India, production is fast and cheap, specifies murakhovski.
Borisov also announced the signing of a contract for the supply of the fifth generation fighter T-50 (PAK FA). According to the newspaper RNS, currently the defense Ministry has signed a contract for a trial shipment of aircraft. Borisov at the forum explained to reporters why the tank and the new generation of aircraft purchased by experienced parties. “Potential for modernization of existing equipment not yet fully exhausted, and that [the modernization of technology. — ] much cheaper. That is, we achieve our goals just by other means, less money” — summed up during the press-conference the Deputy Minister.
The agreement for the supply of small missile Corvette of project 21631 “Buyan-M” was signed Zelenodolsk plant named Gorky. According to General Director of the company Renata Mistakhov, the plant will supply the military authorities three vessels of this type. “Brawlers” will cost the Russian budget of 27 billion rubles the Previous small missile ships over all periods of operation, in addition, must satisfy the black sea and Baltic fleets of ships near sea area, says the chief editor of the magazine “Arsenal Fatherland” Victor murakhovski. At these corvettes can be installed in the complex “Caliber”, he said. Purchase of small missile ships could be considered a rational step if the country is prepared to deal with carrier groups, but these groups have only one country — the United States, drew attention to military expert Alexander Goltz. The purchase of such vehicles can attest to the fact that the Russian military is preparing to or are already in the stage of the cold war with the West, says Goltz.
Contracts fit into the logic of the comprehensive modernization of the Russian army, said murakhovski. According to the Deputy Minister Borisov, the task of the state defense order to increase the number of new equipment in the Russian army to 70%. “We did a great job on adjustments and analysis of the SDO based on the needs of the Armed forces (AF) for the purchase and repair of weapons,” — said Borisov.
The export of Russian weapons abroad brought in eight months 2016 $7 billion, said Deputy General Director of “Rosoboronexport” Sergey Grislawski. According to him, until the end of the year, the company plans to sell arms to another $6 billion In 2015, exports of arms brought Russia over $15 billion, reported RIA Novosti citing a source in the Federal service for military-technical cooperation (FS VTS).
A large batch of helicopters will be sold to Nigeria, said Deputy Director of the Federal service for military-technical cooperation Anatoly Punchy, without specifying the number of machines. Earlier, the Nigerian press reported that Russia will deliver attack helicopters and helicopters are dual-purpose Mi-171SH, experts from the Center for analysis of world arms trade spoke about the impact delivery of 12 Mi-35M. estimated estimated amount of the transaction at $200 million.
An additional batch of attack helicopters Mi-35 will receive and Kazakhstan, the agreement confirmed the Deputy Minister of defense Okas Saparov, adding that the contract will be signed before the end of the year. Russian helicopters also interested in Egypt, already there are negotiations about deliveries of helicopters Ka-52K for Mistral helicopter carriers, said Russian presidential aide on military technical cooperation Vladimir Kozhin. Interest in Russian-made helicopters was expressed by Deputy defense Minister of Angola Salviano de Jesus Sequeira, but contracts not yet signed.
Russian military helicopters have always been among the best, according to the Deputy Director of the Institute of political and military analysis Alexander Khramchikhin. According to experts, the Russian helicopters are unpretentious and easy to use, which determines the interest in them.
On the forum it became known that Iran had withdrawn filed in 2011 a lawsuit to Russia’s delivery of s-300 in the amount of $900 million About it to news Agency TASS said the Russian presidential aide on military-technical cooperation Vladimir Kozhin. Russia and Iran signed a contract to supply s-300 cost about $900 million in 2007. After the imposition of sanctions against Tehran, Moscow has suspended the execution of the contract. In response, Iran filed an international arbitration claim against Russia worth $4.2 billion Russia has already supplied Iran with more than half of agreed number of complexes, said Kozhin. “Everything is going according to schedule. I think that before the end of this year we will put”, — said Kozhin.
Active negotiations with Brazil on another anti-aircraft complex “Armour-C1.” At the forum Deputy General Director of “Rosoboronexport” Sergei Goreslavsky told reporters that the company had sent the Brazilian air force response to the request and awaiting an invitation for talks. Also at the stage of negotiations and consultations is a contract with the defense Ministry of India. According to Goreslavsky, while not talking about the amount or quantity of the supplied equipment. “While this is only advice,” said Goreslavsky.
“Almaz-Antey” will repair three s-300, transferred from Russia to Kazakhstan in 2015. Two more complex Kazakhstan will repair themselves. “This year, “Almaz-Antey” will carry out the repair of one s-300, the next two,” he told reporters at the forum Saparov. The value of the contract is unknown.
Russian air defence systems have only one rival, the United States, says the Director of the Center for analysis of strategies and technologies Ruslan Pukhov. “Historically it so happened that Russia has one of the most powerful air defense systems, including portable,” — says the expert. The situation for third-party buyers is complicated by the fact that the same American system are only available to allies of the United States. “For all countries that conduct an independent defense policy, this is a good option,” summarizes Pukhov. He recalled that over the past 25 years the main threat for small countries came up with air. “The bombing of Iraq, Yugoslavia, Libya showed how important air defence system”, — says military expert.
Colleagues in the war
On the first day of the forum Minister of defense Sergei Shoigu signed a military cooperation agreement with Bolivia, Qatar and Tanzania. Under these treaties, the military of Tanzania and Bolivia will be trained in military educational institutions of Russia. In addition, according to the defense Minister of Bolivia, Luis reymi Ferreira, the agreement with this country involves the transfer of military technology and the ability to use military equipment to Russia. Agreement with Qatar and Tanzania do not include the purchase of weapons. All three agreements were negotiated under weapons contracts, said Alexander Khramchikhin. “Qatar has a lot of money, and Bolivia and Tanzania are interested in our weapons,” — said the expert. According to him, problems can arise only with Qatar, because until recently Russia and Qatar were on different sides in the Syrian war.