The decrees that will allow Trump to fulfill his campaign promise to strengthen the protection of borders and control illegal immigration, the US President signed on Wednesday, January 25. Soon the President may approve the reduction of the financial contribution of the country’s institutions and further actions against migrants.
To reduce the contribution of the UN
According to the newspaper The New York Times, has prepared a draft decree under which the United States refuses to Fund UN agencies and other international organizations, if they provided the full membership of the Palestinian national authority and the Palestine liberation Organization; their focus is on the failure of sanctions against Iran and North Korea; they are controlled by or are under the significant influence of States that sponsor terrorism, accused of systematic violation of human rights. Funding of such organizations can be reduced by 40%. The administration is also preparing a revision of all international treaties. However, assessment criteria are still unknown.
In 2017, the UN budget was $2,776 billion, of which $610,84 million — us contributions.
This initiative undermines the whole international system, as well as long-term U.S. peacekeeping and combat extremism, said Natalie Samarasinghe, Executive Director of the British non-governmental United Nations Association in an interview with The Guardian. Americans in General are more skeptical about international organizations than Europeans, according to German Die Welt.
In the late 1980s, under President-Republican Ronald Reagan, the United States has partially interrupted the financing of the United Nations. Then it was the decision of the Senate of the Congress, based on the fact that the majority of senators believed the organization ineffective, and its activity contrary to the interests of America.
An insurmountable wall
A promise to build a wall on the U.S. border and Mexico was one of the major campaign trump. However, in the pre-election period, the future President has not presented a specific project of such a wall. The intended height of the structure in his speeches ranged from 9 m to 15 m. the Cost of it also not been evaluated, clearly stating only that “Mexico will pay for the construction” and that the barrier should be made of concrete.
Signed on Wednesday the decree “the wall” got definition: built should be “substantial and insurmountable physical barrier,” according to CNN. To prepare proposals for the construction and evaluate the initial cost, according to the decree, the Ministry of internal security must within six months.
The total length of the border is 3100 km, of which 1,000 km have already been equipped with different types of obstacles. Trump during the campaign said that it is necessary to build 1,600 km of the wall.
The congressmen estimate the cost of construction in the amount of $8 billion to $20 billion, Mexican President Enrique peña Nieto will visit Washington on 31 January, but on Wednesday, he firmly stated that his country had to pay for the construction is. To partially offset the cost would increase visa fees for citizens of Mexico and Central American countries, suggested a member of the house of representatives from Texas, Michael mccaul (his words are quoted by Bloomberg).
With approval of funding from Congress can also be difficult. The Chairman of the house of representatives Paul Ryan in an interview with MSNBC, said that the Congress will block funding for the construction of the wall. “The construction of the wall is the most expensive and least effective way to protect the border.” — said the Republican will Hurd, Congressman from Texas. In his opinion, it would be wiser to work on sites, as each boundary area has a unique geographical, cultural and technological features.
Since 2005, the United States spent $132 billion on border security, according to the U.S. Migration Policy Institute, including the creation of the wall sections on the border of USA and Mexico (on the part of the boundary was already established protections and smart tracking system). In the same year significantly reduced the number of illegal border crossings: from 1.7 million crossings in 2005 to 170 million in 2015, says the report of the Ministry of internal security.
Until win only manufacturer of concrete whose shares rise on promises trump. So the value of the shares of the company HeidelbergCement on Wednesday on the stock exchange in Frankfurt rose by 3.5% to EUR 90.97. Its Executive Director Bernd Sheifele said that the company will be well represented in Texas and Arizona to supply cement for construction of the wall.
The fight against illegal immigrants and the reduction of refugee
On Wednesday, trump also gave the order to set up more centres for the detention of illegal immigrants from Mexico, and in addition, ordered to send me back to Mexico minors unaccompanied.
How many additional centres should be created and how long it will take funds, is still unknown. For the current fiscal year, the U.S. Congress allocated funds for the maintenance of 34,000 beds for illegal immigrants. The courts also considering the cases of nearly half a million people, which can be taken decisions on deportation.
The US President also told to end the practice of “catch and release”, when for humanitarian reasons (health) the detained illegal immigrants were released before the judgement free. The decree of the President may also deny Federal funding cities and States, which through its laws have become the “safe havens” for immigrants without documents.
Some measures that may take in the future, trump called on Wednesday in an interview with ABC News. One of them is the creation of security zones in Syria for civilians. Zone is proposed to create in other countries of the region to leave the Syrian people to live in expectation of the decision on repatriation or resettlement in third countries, said Reuters, citing a draft decree.
Not signed yet, but it is possible revision of refugee programmes in the United States, which may require more than 120 days write Reuters and Politico. During this time, expected to be proposals that would ensure that the program of reception of refugees on the territory of the States do not get people who may pose a threat to the country and citizens. It is possible to reduce the limit on the granting of refugee status with 110 000 set by President Barack Obama for the 2017 financial year, up to 50 000.
Also in the administration discussed the suspension of issuing visas to citizens of Syria and another six countries told Reuters experts, which administration officials briefed on the matter. An exception may be made only for refugees who face violence for religious reasons. In addition to Syrians limitation may affect citizens of Iraq, Iran, Libya, Somalia, Sudan and Yemen.
The President has the authority to restrict the admission of refugees and issuing visas, if it is in the interests of national security, told Reuters Stephen Legomsky, former chief adviser to the Service of citizenship and immigration USA. From a legal point of view, the President is acting within his powers, but from a political point of view, the expert calls the idea “appalling”, as people flee from humanitarian catastrophe and they can’t deny asylum.
Actions trump in the first week after the inauguration were not unexpected, emphasizes in his column Director of the American branch of the Institute IISS, mark Fitzpatrick. “His statements and decisions are in line with his campaign promises and his behavior — says Fitzpatrick.
“The hopes of the public that trump will change, will depart from his campaign rhetoric, from the first days of its work are not excuses. It’s like he intentionally shows that remains itself with those ideas, which many feared,” notes program Director of the Moscow center Kareni Andrey Kolesnikov. The first foreign policy steps of the new administration partly follow the line of isolationism, but more a restructuring of the existing relationship, he said: “trump is like a disassembled puzzle of Obama’s policy and now collects it again in a completely new configuration.”
The restructuring, according to Kolesnikov, the subject of relations with all major powers, from Britain and Israel to India and China. “Only after the start of the study and reform of relations with Russia, what says about the priorities of the new administration,” Kolesnikov predicts.
Donald trump c signed the decree about the official U.S. withdrawal from the TRANS-Pacific partnership
The first decrees trump
23 Jan trump has signed a decree on the withdrawal of the U.S. from the TRANS — Pacific partnership trade agreement, which was to unite 12 countries (United States, Australia, Brunei, Vietnam, Canada, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore, Chile and Japan). The government of Japan and other countries expressed their disappointment with this decision. Talks about the launch of the partnership in different formats was conducted in 2006 and was completed in February 2016. President Obama called the agreement one of the key achievements of his work. If it worked, it would be conducted 40% of global trade.
Trump explained the withdrawal from the agreement that it would be harmful to American manufacturers. “What we just did is a big deal for American workers,” he said after signing the document.
24 January the US President has signed a decree on the resumption of the project construction of the Keystone XL pipeline from Alberta to the USA, which protested against environmental activists and the Indians, residing on the territory of the proposed pipeline.
The resumption of the construction of Keystone XL will lead to 28 thousand new jobs, said trump. The project was blocked by Obama in 2015. He explained that approval of the project could “undermine the global leadership” of America in the fight against climate change.