Subsidies under the keel: that can threaten small and medium-sized fishing industries in the Arctic

Subsidies under the keel: that can threaten small and medium-sized fishing industries in the Arctic

MOSCOW, July 12. /TASS/. The aging fleet is typical for most companies and regions of Russia, including the Arctic zone, where the main part of the caught fish. At the Federal level have taken specific steps to address this problem, the investment quotas for construction, the utilization of grant. However, experts and industry participants note: the measures of support do not account for the light-duty fleet.

Asking the court support

Today, at the Federal level developed two main methods support the renewal of the fleet. So, the updated Federal law “On fisheries and conservation of aquatic biological resources”, the Russian President signed July 3, 2016, will be allocated the quota for investment purposes. The construction of a new fishing fleet on the Russian shipyards and a modern fish-processing factories reserved 20% quota of the total production volume of aquatic biological resources, in respect of which set the total allowable catch.

The second step is the decision about subsidies for the purchase of new civilian vessels, so-called recycling grant. This lump sum payment that will offset part of the cost of building new ships for civil purposes in the case of delivery for recycling has served more than 30 years courts.

Both innovations support ships are designed to solve the problem of aging. But they are designed mainly for larger vessels, that indicate the regional authorities and members of the industry. Experts say: small fishing fleet also needs to be updated.

As reported by TASS Deputy Chairman of the state Duma Olga Epifanova, the entire fishing fleet of the Northern basin is characterized by a high degree of wear, 86% of all vessels built more than 20 years ago. “If in the near future to take measures to stimulate the construction of new vessels for the fishermen, we can be without them,” — said the Deputy. According to her, in the Arkhangelsk region the average age of ships has reached 27 years.

In the Murmansk region, almost half of the fishing fleet companies require a write-off due to age. As reported by the Chairman of the Union rybopromyshlennikov the North Vladimir Grigoriev, we are talking about the courts, whose age has exceeded 30 years. “Today enterprises in the region 99 of the courts came to the age of the write-off total number of the fleet to 230 ships”, — said the head of the Union.

Karelian experts talk about some improvements in the companies of the region. According to Igor Zubarev, member of the Federation Council from the Republic of Karelia, the state of the fishing fleet in the Northern basin are generally better than in the far East. This view is supported and Ilya Rakowski, Chairman of the Union rybopromyshlennikov Karelii. “Our Karelian enterprises without investment quota last years considerable sums invested in the renovation and modernization of the fleet. Now his condition and fishing opportunities better than in the Soviet era,” said Rakowski.

Effective size

Rosrybolovstvo called limitations in the size of vessels which can receive the quota, efficiency and safety, especially in the Arctic.

“A small fleet, which is now based in the North basin, calculated under more peaceful conditions for work in coastal fishing. When it comes to the Arctic, the distance from the shore of the utmost security, it is the larger vessels of an ice class. Our goal is not just to increase the number of vessels, and to improve the conditions of work of fishermen at sea and improve safety in the fishery”, — said the head of Rosrybolovstvo Ilya Shestakov.

As he had mentioned earlier, there have been requests to enable small ships to the list of objects that will be allocated investuoti. “But they were not supported in General, neither us, nor the largest associations, because they would not have solved the problem of qualitative change in the structure of production of fish products,” — said the head of Department.

That is why the support was provided for larger vessels. “In General, if we are talking about the Northern basin, of course, subject to all conditions related to security, economic efficiency, the catch here is based on the objects, such as cod, haddock, capelin, production of which is medium-duty fleet. These vessels have greater endurance and sufficient cargo hold capacity. In accordance with the requirements applying to receive investcom medium and large vessels must have on Board processing capacity,” he added.

Place for small vessels

The problem of the lack of support for small boats has a social component. According to Deputy Chairman of the state Duma Olga Epifanova, innovations do not take into account the specifics of the far North. She noted that the proposed regulations exclude, in particular, the ability to upgrade vessels of the fishing collective farms of the Murmansk and Archangelsk regions, Nenets Autonomous Okrug.

“It is nearly 60% of legal persons engaged in commercial fishing in the Western part of the Arctic zone of Russia. Moreover, all these enterprises operate on the domestic market,” said Yepifanov.

She stressed that small and medium fleet play a critical role in the economy and social development of the regions. “In the Arkhangelsk region historically, the town-forming enterprises in the settlements along the coast of the region began fishing farms. They have only small and medium vessels, whose age is known to all. And we need those farms able to take advantage of perceived investment incentives in the form of additional quotas, for us it is a question of survival of the coastal villages, save the population,” — said Yepifanov.

This was also indicated by representatives of small and medium-sized businesses. The Chairman of fishing collective farm “Belomor” (Arkhangelsk oblast) Sergey Samoilov considers that support measures for investcom for the construction of ships is aimed only at big business. “We are not able, we do not have enough quota to make, as surety, the government, the rest of the farms as well. Some are forced to reform the collective by merging with another legal entity. Old farms, liquidate, merge into one big, there is no other way”, — he told the correspondent of TASS.

The incentive for the development of

In Rosrybolovstvo the path of integration is considered normal. As told TASS Shestakov, often small businesses have is the amount of quotas, which effectively cannot be used.

“Often these are all small businesses or investor, or have still to unite and combine these quotas oblasova them on one or two courts in order to economic efficiency. And here, we see that some consolidation can occur inside them, that is, in fact, they could create production cooperatives, to build on several businesses one ship and more effectively deal with this matter”, — said the head of Department.

The Agency also considers that the format support will stimulate the development of the fishing industry, including deep processing of raw materials. “In most of them we are now harvested, freeze and paralyze the raw material. It is important for us to have had a longer chain and was processing, and we sold and implemented including export products with high added value,” — said Shestakov.

Therefore, according to the plans of the Ministry, the investment quota will receive only the court that will show effectiveness. This bill provides for the allocation of investcom on the ship with a little less dimension, but which will deal with shipping live fish — ship – svedjevik.

For small vessels operating in the coastal zone, the possibility of obtaining some support for them is also provided. “The enterprises which will be engaged in coastal fisheries under certain conditions, they will receive a multiplying factor to its quota. That is, the permitted volume of catch they are 20% more will be able to catch,” said Shestakov.